Team's Article


Fitment of Additional Driving Lights (Including LED Light Bars)

1 Number: Up to a maximum of four (4) additional driving lights

2 Position: At the front of the vehicle

3 and must only be ‘front facing’

4 and not higher than the front edge of the bonnet if fitted to a bull bar or nudge bar. Fitted symmetrically (same position on both sides of the vehicle).

If installing a single additional driving light (i.e. LED light bar) it must be installed horizontally and located symmetrically about the longitudinal centre line of the vehicle.

Light colour: White

Operation: To be used in conjunction with the vehicle's headlights All additional driving lights must turn off when the vehicle’s headlights are switched to low beam

Note: Any additional driving lights fitted to the vehicle must not obstruct or interfere with the light emitted by any of the headlights, indicators or parking lights fitted to the vehicle.

Attachment points on bull bars and nudge bars Any additional accessories including additional driving lights must not be installed on top a bull bar or nudge bar where the additional driving lights are higher than the front edge of the bonnet, or protruding forward of the bumper bar, bull bar or nudge bar.  The mounting brackets of any additional driving lights must be rounded and must not have any sharp, pointed or angular edges to ensure that the risk of injury to a pedestrian is minimised should a pedestrian be hit by the vehicle.

Figure 1 shows the locations that additional driving lights may and may not be fitted.

IB-132C (August 2017) 3
1 Compliant with the requirements of Australian Design Rule 13, and the Road Traffic (Vehicles) Regulations 2014 (WA).

2 An LED light bar is considered to be one driving light if all the LEDs operate together simultaneously.  If an LED light bar has different parts or sections that can be switched on or off independent of other parts or sections, then each independently controlled section counts as a driving light.

3 At the front of the vehicle.  This requirement shall be deemed to be satisfied if the light emitted does not cause discomfort to the driver either directly or indirectly through devices for indirect vision and/or other reflecting surfaces of the vehicle.

4 Front facing - these lights must not be fitted to face the opposite direction of the vehicle’s forward propulsion direction
Figure 2 shows the correct way of mounting some additional driving lights in a combination of ways; note that the vehicles headlights, indicators or parking lights are not obstructed.

IB-132C (August 2017) 4
Optional Front Lights Optional front lights are any of the following types of lights;

1. Daytime running lights

2. Fog lights

3. Cornering lights

4. External cabin lights

5. Search or work lights

6. HID lights

7. Backlit badges and logos

Some vehicle manufacturers may fit some of these lights as original equipment; if that is the case the aftermarket fitment of additional lights must not exceed the maximum numbers listed.
There is no restriction on a vehicle being fitted with all of the listed lights provided that each of the lights is fully compliant as stated in this document and/or attached advice's (see PDF links below).

General Requirements
Any additional lights fitted to a vehicle must be designed and securely fitted in a way that:

• minimises the likelihood of injury to a person making contact with the vehicle; and

• does not obstruct the driver’s view of the road and traffic to the front or side of the vehicle.

• The light emitted shall not cause discomfort by reflecting off any of the vehicle’s surfaces into the driver’s eyes.

1. Daytime running lights
Daytime running lights are lights used to increase a vehicles visibility when driving during the day.

These lights are available as an optional after-market accessory or manufactured in some new model vehicles.  

The retro fitting of daytime running lights is acceptable provided the lights comply with Australian Design Rule (ADR 76) and are fitted as per ADR 13

Colour: White

Number: Two

Position: Fitted symmetrically (same position on both sides of the vehicle) at the front of the vehicle (as can be seen in the above images)
IB-132C (August 2017) 5

In height: above the ground not less than 250mm nor more than 1,500mm.
Not more than 400mm from the sides (extreme outer edge) of the vehicle; at least 600mm apart between the inner edges, may be reduced to 400mm where the overall width of the vehicle is less than 1,300mm.
The angle of the beam may only be outwards 20° and inwards 20° and upwards 10° and downwards 10°.
Daytime running lights shall be switched ON automatically when the device which starts and/or stops the engine is in a position which makes it possible for the engine to operate. Daytime running lights shall switch OFF automatically when the front fog lights or headlights are switched ON, except when the latter are used to give intermittent luminous warnings at short intervals.
Furthermore, all other forward facing lights (as listed above) must not switch on when the daytime running lights are switched ON


If you plan on 'retrofitting' or have changed away from the the OEM of your headlamps / globes, with either HID or LED replacements, you should read this PDF document and and this PDF

NOTE: ALL changes to your manufacturers std lighting will require a certified vehicle inspection and modification plate to be fitted.



Learn Basic CPR in 2 minutes with St John NZ Medical Director Dr Tony Smith


Cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) is an emergency procedure that combines chest compressions often with artificial ventilation in an effort to manually preserve intact brain function until further measures are taken to restore spontaneous blood circulation and breathing in a person who is in cardiac arrest.





If a person is not breathing, their heartbeat will stop. You'll need to perform CPR to help circulation and get oxygen into the body.

First, check for safety in the surrounding area e.g. electrical wires, chemical spills etc. If clear to approach, check for a response. If responsive obtain injury details and personal information, call 000, stay on the phone and listen carefully to the operators instructions. Stay calm!


No response or unconscious, check their airway is clear from obstructions.  If it is clear and the casualty is lying on their back, tilt the head back (ie lift the chin) and check for breathing. If there is debris in the mouth and the person is lying on their back, carefully roll them into the recovery position, open their mouth and sweep the debris out with two of your fingers. Then tilt the head to open the airway and check for breathing. If you are not alone, instruct someone to phone 000 for help as soon as you have checked breathing. Ask the person to come back and confirm that the call has been made and an ambulance is on it's way to the correct location.  If the person is not breathing, you've check for obstructions and raised an alert for help, you should commence CPR immediately. Read down


For the St John CPR /DRSABCD action plan click here


Don’t begin CPR if a patient is breathing normally. If breathing, place them into the RECOVERY POSITION  and continue to monitor them until help arrives.



BEGIN CPR ON CHILDREN AND ADULTS. NOTE: CPR techniques are different for Infants under 12 months old

Follow these steps:

1. Position your hand. Make sure the patient is lying on their back on a firm surface. Kneel beside them and place the heel of your hand on the centre of the chest.


2. Interlock fingers. Keeping your arms straight, cover the first hand with the heel of your other hand and interlock the fingers of both hands together. Keep your fingers raised so they do not touch the patient’s chest or rib cage.


3. Give chest compressions. Lean forward so that your shoulders are directly over the patient’s chest and press down on the chest about two inches or to 1/3 of the patients chest depth. Release the pressure, but not your hands, and let the chest come back up.

Repeat to give 30 compressions at a rate of 100 compressions per minute. Not sure what that really means? Push to beat of the Bee Gees song “Stayin’ Alive. (For drowning victims, give 2 initial breaths before starting compressions.)


4. Open the airway. Move to the patient’s head. Tilt their head and lift his chin to open the airway again. Let their mouth fall open slightly.


5. Give rescue breaths. Pinch the nostrils closed with the hand that was on the forehead and support the patient’s chin with your other hand. Take a normal breath, put your mouth over the patient’s, and blow until you can see their chest rise.


6. Watch chest fall. Remove your mouth from the patient’s and look along the chest, watching the chest fall. Repeat steps five and six once.


7. Repeat chest compressions and rescue breaths. Place your hands on the chest again and repeat the cycle of 30 chest compressions, followed by two rescue breaths.


Continue the cycle until the ambulance/help arrives. If the person starts to respond, STOP and gently roll them onto their side. See this link for the recovery position. Loosen tight clothing. DO NOT give the casualty anything to eat or drink. Reassure the casualty, manage shock and try to keep them conscious. Keep monitoring them until help arrives. Be prepared to continue CPR if the patient stops breathing again.   Where possible, never leave the person until help arrives!



In an emergency ALWAYS call triple zero (000)







HLTAID001 Cardiopulmonary resuscitation courses


Check out the St John First Responder app, you can find where your nearest defibrillator is located by clicking ‘Defibrillators nearby’ and it pops up with a map of the ones near you. Another handy hint we learnt about the First Responder app is that if you call 000 through it, your exact location is immediately available to the ambulance officers. It also has all your first aid guides included.


Click here for the latest version in the Apple App Store.

Click here for the latest version in the Google Play Store.

St John First Responder App Updates on Mobile


Apple App Store GooglePlay




Caramelised Onion and Bacon Dip 

  •     Heat oil in a skillet and cook chopped bacon until crispy (6-8 minutes)
  •     Cook onions in the same skillet for about 10 minutes, until they caramelise
  •     Mix together sour cream, onion, bacon, chives, shredded cheese, and salt & pepper in a bowl
  •     Set in refrigerator to cool for at least 1 hour before serving. Store in an airtight container.

Nobody will be able to resist this delicious cold dip recipe




There has recently been an alarming increase in gonorrhoea cases in Perth especially in the 20-39 year old age group. Cases in the Perth and Southwest areas have more than tripled in the last five years, and increased by 53% in the past 12 months. The biggest increases in cases have been in heterosexual women (74%) and men (53%) as well as men who have sex with men (23%).

If it ain't on ... it ain't on! ®


Below is a list of sexually transmitted infections (STIs) and other conditions associated with STIs. Some of these conditions are not sexually transmitted but may increase in frequency with sexual activity.  Some are conditions caused by STIs. Some increase the likely hood of future transmission.

Why "STI" (sexually transmitted infections) and not "STD" (sexually transmitted disease)?

The terms STI and STD are synonymous. "STI" is used more frequently now because of the negative association with the term "disease" and because some diseases are considered incurable. In contrast, there is usually less stigma attached to the term "infection" and many STIs are actually easily curable.

A deadly brain infection has gone viral in Bali.

Indonesia’s Ministry of Health has revealed that they are investigating the deadly Japanese Encephaltis disease after a spike of cases have occurred in Bali and Manado.


Warning To Australians Travelling To Bali Over Deadly Japanese Encephalitis Disease


The infection is most commonly transmitted to humans through mosquito bites. The disease can also be carried by birds, bats, cows and pigs.


Symptoms of the virus include flu-like signs such as headaches, fever and convulsions, however, they can take up to 15 days to become noticeable.


The virus can be deadly with one in four cases proving fatal, but can also cause blindness, weakness and movement disorders.


“So far, we in Indonesia, in this case, the Ministry of Health, has just recorded this disease in several sites, because we have found cases in Bali, and Manado, ranking second,” said Ministry of Health Director of Surveillance and Quarantine, Vensya Sitohang.


The ministry is now attempting to stop the infection from spreading to other regions in the country by introducing a vaccine.


The vaccinations are starting from those aged nine months to 15-years-old as children under the age of 15 are most susceptible to the deadly infection.


Aside from receiving a vaccination, tourists are being urged to use plenty of insect repellent, wear long sleeved shirts and long pants, keep windows closed and only stay in accommodation that can provide screens on windows and mosquito nets around beds.


How is it prevented?

A Japanese encephalitis vaccine is available for people aged 12 months and older and is recommended for travellers spending extended one month or more in rural areas of high-risk countries for JE. For more detailed JE vaccination advice see the Australian Immunisation Handbook and consult with your GP or travel medicine clinic. Even if you have been vaccinated it is still important to protect against mosquitoes and reduce the risk of diseases they transmit.



Prevention measures include:

  • covering-up with a loose-fitting long sleeved shirt and long pants when outside
  • applying mosquito repellent to exposed skin
  • taking special care during peak mosquito biting hours. The mosquitoes that transmit diseases such as JE, dengue, chikungunya and Zika will also bite through the day
  • removing potential mosquito breeding sites from around the home and screen windows and doors
  • taking extra precautions when travelling in areas with a higher risk of mosquito-borne diseases.


In addition to the general protection measures above, overseas travellers should also:

  • stay and sleep in rooms with fly-screens or air-conditioning
  • use a bed net if the area where you are sleeping is exposed to the outdoors.
  • Bed nets are most effective when they are treated with a pyrethroid insecticide, such as permethrin. Pre-treated bed nets can be purchased before travelling, or nets can be treated after purchase.
  • avoid known areas of high mosquito-borne disease transmission or outbreaks


'Bitten by a snake? assume it will kill you if left untreated'

Snake warning: Warm days bring Western Australian reptiles out of hibernation.

There has been an increase in sightings of Deadly Western Brown Snakes AKA Gwardar throughout the Midwest and Morangup in the Shire of Toodyay.

Do you suspect someone's been bitten?

PHONE 000 immediately and keep them very still.





Do not cut, incise or attempt to suck the venom out.
Do not EVER use a tourniquet (
This is important).

Don’t remove the shirt or pants - just bandage over the top of clothing.
Remember movement (like wriggling out of a shirt or pants) causes venom movement.

Warm weather has experts warning us to be on alert for venomous snakes.

November is peak season as the weather warms up and the reptiles wake up - and begin searching for food, water and mates.

The name Gwardar is a word meaning "go the long way around" in Aboriginal language. This may be regarded as the best advice for people who come across the Snake - AVOID IT, note it's last location, call a snake handler who's trained in Western Brown Snakes, Keep cats and dogs from tormenting the snake.

Keep lawns and scrub around your home mowed and clear of any refuse or piles of leave and or sticks.

In Morangup we have the western brown snake (Pseudonaja nuchalis) AKA 'GWARDAR' snake. This variant is a highly venomous species of brown snake, which common throughout Western Australia. Its venom contains powerful neurotoxins, nephrotoxins and a procoagulant,. The bite is usually painless and difficult to see due to their small fangs. Human symptoms of a Western Brown snake bite are headache, nausea/vomiting, abdominal pain, severe coagulopathy and sometimes, kidney damage.The LD50 in mice is 0.47 mg/kg and the average venom yield per bite is 18 mg (dry weight of milked venom) according to Meier and White (1995). The western brown snake can cause rapid death in humans by cardiac arrest, renal failure, or cerebral hemorrhage. The envenomation rate is 20-40% and the untreated mortality rate is 10-20%
Photo by Brian Gordon Bush


Dog Registration


When is this licence required?

You will require this registration if you intend to own a dog, or keep a dog on your premises. It is illegal to keep an unregistered dog. However, the following dogs are exempt from registration:

  • dog under three months of age
  • dog held by a prescribed body such as the Dogs Refuge Home or Royal Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to Animals (Inc.) of Western Australia
  • dog held by a surgeon in the course of his or her professional practice
  • dog held by the Police Force
  • pack of ten or more foxhounds that are used exclusively for the purpose of hunting and are registered as a pack
  • dog held in a registered kennel that has paid the concession fee for the registration of dogs.

Dogs may be registered as being either sterilised or un-sterilised.

If you intend to keep more than the maximum permitted number of dogs on your premises, you will also require a kennel establishment licence.

Please consult the Contact Officer for more information.

What are the eligibility requirements for this licence?

To be eligible for this registration you must:

  1. be over 18 years old
  2. complete the relevant form
  3. pay the required fee.

You may be refused registration if any of the following circumstances apply:

  • You have been convicted off two or more offences under any animal legislation.
  • The dog has not been micro-chipped as required.
  • The dog is a dangerous dog, or is destructive, or suffering from an infectious disease.
  • The council is not satisfied that the dog will be effectively confined at your premises.

Please consult the Contact Officer for more information regarding eligibility requirements.

How much does this licence cost?


Sterilised: 1 year: $20;

3 years: $42.50;

Lifetime: $100.

Un-sterilised: 1 year: $50;

3 years: $120;

Lifetime: $250.

How often do you need to apply for this licence? Duration: Registration can be for 1 year, 3 years or the lifetime of the dog.
What forms are available? Initial application:
Application for Dog Registration

What legislation specifies this requirement?

  • Dog Act 1976
  • Dog Regulations 2013

Who can you talk to for more information? Rangers


Shire of Toodyay Administration Centre 15 Fiennes Street, Toodyay, WA 6566


Telephone: (08) 9574 9370 Fax: (08) 9574 2158

Email: Internet: Shire of Toodyay

More Information Microchipping & Registration

Last updated: 17/08/2018 10:57:19

Country Cover fees for 1 year 2018/2019 Country Volunteer Memberships

$55.00 for Singles | Families $91.00

Single Membership – One person per membership.

Family Membership – Includes up to two adults and any children, under 18 years old, that are under the care of the card holders.

Toodyay Shire residents
Please call the Toodyay Office 08 9574 2390, 9am-2pm Mon to Thurs for assistance.

General Enquiries/Payments to:
Toodyay & Districts PO Box 364 Toodyay WA 6566
BSB 63300 A/C 1108 72553

Hint for Morangup residents: Please contact the Toodyay office 08 9574 2390, 9am-2pm Mon to Thurs for assistance.
If you're using the post code 6083 to fill St Johns online form or if you're talking to a St John Ambulance head office operator about the cost please reiterate that the Morangup ambulance service is within the umbrella of the regional Ambulance sub-centre of Toodyay.

Note: Gidgegannup shares the same post code (6083) as Morangup.
Gidgegannup is in the Metropolitan classification for cover (covered by your private fund). 
Morangup is a Country Volunteer, sub-branch and is a country cover service. read more here  

St John Ambulance Toodyay office location
120C Stirling Terrace, Toodyay WA 6566

NB: A 7 day qualifying period after payment applies. Memberships are deemed invalid upon expiration date.
For the terms and conditions of this service, or to purchase a benefit fund card via credit card, please contact the St John's team on (08) 9334 1284.



Country Western Australia, St John Country Ambulance Cover is administered by the local St John Ambulance Sub Centres.  Morangup is a sub-branch of the Toodyay sub-centre.

The cost of your ambulance trip is covered if you have comprehensive Country Ambulance Cover. This includes as many emergency or necessary non-emergency transports you, or one of your family members, require.

Within WA, St John Country Ambulance Cover will protect you for St John Ambulance transport 24 hours a day, 365 days a year.

The subscription coverage is restricted to ambulance transport in country areas provided by St John in WA and ambulance services in other States who have a reciprocal arrangement with St John Ambulance Western Australia.

The Benefit fund pricing arrangement is available to all residents living in regional Western Australia. For the terms and conditions of this service, or to purchase a benefit fund card via credit card, please contact St John's team on (08) 9334 1284.

The Morangup ambulance service is within the umbrella of the regional Ambulance sub centre of Toodyay.
St Johns Ambulance Toodyay division has five ambulances whom are manned by dedicated paramedical personnel and /or suitably trained volunteer ambulance officers. Morangup's full-time/permanent ambulance is stationed on Wallaby way in Morangup 6083. Other ambulances are housed at Bolgart and three in the Toodyay Substation.


St John Ambulance FAQ pdf download is here

Western Australian aged pensioners are entitled to free ambulance services.WA Ambulance services covered include: All emergency ambulance services; and Non-urgent ambulance services that are deemed to be medically necessary. Inter-hospital transfers between two public hospitals will be arranged and paid for by the sending hospital. It is important to note that inter-hospital transfers, where one or both hospitals are a private hospital, are not covered by this policy.

Privately insured aged pensioners and seniors should check with their insurer as to whether inter-hospital transfers are covered by health insurance. For further information visit the Department of Health website.Ambulance Cover WA - Country Ambulance Cover - St John Ambulance


Thinking of becoming a St John's Ambulance volunteer?  Volunteering 1800 069 393 or CLICK HERE FOR MORE INFORMATION


St John Ambulance Toodyay & Districts Sub Centre


St John Ambulance Toodyay and Districts Sub Centre operate out of two locations in the Shire Toodyay (Toodyay and Morangup) with an additional base in Bolgart. St John ambulance provide an essential emergency response to medial emergencies.  St John Ambulance Toodyay and Districts Sub Centre is administered by St John Ambulance Australia (WA) Inc.

Vehicles:              Fleet of 5 Ambulances across the three locations. 
eetings:            1st  Tuesday each month (Training) 6:30pm 
Location:            120 Stirling Terrace, TOODYAY WA 6566 
Contact:              9574 2390 
                              PO Box 364, Toodyay WA 6566 

Morangup 6083


Living expenses for consideration in 2018


Example basis: 2 Adults, 2 Children, Mortgaged with a simple/basic lifestyle. †


                             Weekly       Monthly       Yearly

Living expenses     W $623     M $2,700     A $32,400 WA Metro 2018

Mortgage expense  W $595     M $2,576     A $30,917 WA Metro 2018
Total                         W $1,218   M $5,276    A $63,317


25 year loan term $396,000 | Averaged Perth WA Jan 2018 | 20% deposit on $495,000. Term avg vari-rate 5.65% # paid monthly


Recommended rural expenses for property owners living in Morangup + $15,000 p.a. ($288.00 p.w.)

Cost of living for Morangup $78, 317.00 p.a


2017/18 the minimum recommended income, required for a small family who're purchasing a property, with a basic/no frills lifestyle


For Morangup, the recommended gross household income needed to avoid mortgage stress is $108,000 p.a.   Don't forget that typically from this amount, you''ll need to cough-up a medicare levy of $2,160.00 and $23,707.00 in income tax  †††(calculated before expenses - if any) Leaving you with $78, 248.00. p.a. 

Making a take home min of $1505.00p.w

Note: New Federal tax cuts will affect this amount in 2018/19

Additional rural costing example: Morangup (additional to metro estimates of $63,317 listed above)
Fuel costs Morangup to Midland, averaged to 10km per litre at $1.44 per L (June18)
Distance each way 48km. Average commute time 55 minutes in peak hour. 45mins in normal hours/conditions
100km trip total $14.13.  261 work commutes to the Midland train station a year. $3683.00 in fuel, per vehicle, p.a. ††
Adult train fare Midland to Perth and return  $4.80 each way.  261 x $9.60 $2505.00 p.a (less %10 for Smartrider)((parking not inc))

This is an example of a typical work related travel expense for people living in and around Morangup.

$24.00 per work day, $120.00PW. $6240.00 p.a. per vehicle with 1 passenger.††

Time spent traveling (car and train, inc parking and wait times) to and from work could be up-to 4 hours per day.

That's a whooping 1044 hrs p.a of your time. You may also want to consider that if you start work in the city at 8am, you'll need to leave Morangup by 6am, and not return home until 6 or 7 pm... every work day!


Morangup traveling considerations *

Nearest petrol station. Gidgee Convenience and Stockfeed Store around 18kms, allow around 15mins each-way.

Nearest IGA supermarket. Toodyay IGA, Piesse St, Toodyay 30kms, allow around 25min each-way.

Nearest Post Office for parcel pickup is Gidgegannup CPA Shop 3 2086 Toodyay Road  22.5kms, allow around 18mins each-way

Nearest doctor and pharmacy. 2069 Toodyay Rd, Gidgegannup, 22.5kms, allow around 18mins each-way.

Nearest sporting facility. Gidgegannup Recreation Club Percy Cullen Oval, Toodyay Rd, Gidgegannup 23.5kms 19mins.

Nearest Primary School. Gidgegannup Primary Toodyay road Gidgegannup. 22kms 18mins each-way. School Bus avail from Morangup

Nearest Public Senior High School. Eastern Hills Senior High School, Elliot road Mt Helena, 34kms, 30minutes, School Bus avail from Morangup

Nearest Pubic vocational swimming pool  Wundowie Swimming Pool, Wandoo Parade, Wundowie. 23kms allow around 19mins

Nearest Public Bus Stop  Bailup Rd / Government Rd ( Route 331 Stop number 15227) 20 min (23.7 km)

Nearest Bunnings is on Gt Eastern Hwy in Midland. 45kms 40minute drive each-way.

Nearest Coles, Aldis and Woolworth's Mundaring 37kms allow around 35mins each-way.

Nearest Shopping Mall, Midland Gate Gt Eastern Hwy Midland 44.5kms allow around 40-45minutes each-way.

Nearest Hardware's are located in Toodyay. Makit and Home Hardware have a reasonable range and are cost competitive. 25 minutes each way

Nearest Soil, garden and rural product supplier is Gidge Rural 1516 Toodyay Rd, Gidgegannup WA 6083 around 24mins, 27kms

Nearest Plant Nursery, Tim Eva's 25mins, 28kms West

Nearest Restaurant, The Wild Goose Toodyay road Gidgegannup 10-15mins 14kms West

Nearest Domino's Pizza, Subways, Noodlers Noodle Sushi, Hungry Jacks and KFC are available in Mundaring 38kms allow around 36mins each-way.

National Fast food outlets, McDonald's, Pizza-hut, Domino's Pizza, Subways, Chicken Treat and Hungry Jack's. Near Morrison rd Stratton /Swanview 43.5kms

Northam's retail and trade precincts are sizable and well established. Located 51kms to the east of Morangup, around 40 minutes each-way.

Toodyay District High School, Founded 1885,  92 Drummond St, Nunile. 30kms, 25minutes Morangup School bus is available. Kindergarten to Year 10.

Health Center General Practice/GP (doctor) 283, Boronia ave, Wundowie 23kms by sealed road, allow around 19-20mins each-way.

Restaurants: Masala corner Wundowie 22.5kms. Noble Falls Tavern 16.5kms. Italian and Pizza Toodyay 30kms. Ming Chinese Mundaring 36.5km

Private schooling is available in locations ranging from 35km to 55km West from Morangup. St Anthonys, St Brigids Primary, Guildford Grammar School, La Salle College, Swan Christian College, Riverlands Montessori School, Mundaring Christian College, Sacred Heart Primary School and Helena College Glen Forrest. Private school bus transport is available to several of these private schools.



Whats here or available to people living in Morangup?


Retail facilities located in Morangup:NIL. Public transport in Morangup:NIL. Sporting facilities: NIL Police station:NIL serviced via Mundaring, Toodyay, Northam, Wundowie or Midland. Ambulance services are available in Morangup - however if unavailable to respond, an alternative ambulance will be sourced from Toodyay, Mundaring or Wundowie and will increase your wait time substantially. Midland St John of God Hospital or Northam Hospital are both around 35- 40 minutes away by ambulance. Becoming trained in first aid is HIGHLY advisable if moving to Morangup. Fire Services and SES are available, both are proactive in Morangup. A small community hall is available for hire. Morangup has mother's group/s and a playgroup with good support and advice for newbies. Childcare is available in Morangup. Morangup has various social/interest groups.  Potable Scheme water: NIL. Sewage facilities: NIL. Potable water cartage is readily available in Morangup. Communications such-as internet and telephony services vary substantially in consistency and reliability from location to location (check this before purchasing). Kids-Sport Clubs: Scouts, Basketball, Netball, Junior footy and Pony club are available in Gidgegannup. Soccer, Girl guides and Girls brigade are available in Mundaring. Cricket and little athletics are available at the Eastern hills athletics center. Vocational swimming lessons are available in neighboring Wundowie. A MotoX club is available near Noble falls. Pathfinders trial riders club is located in Morangup. The Hurricane go-cart club is 15 minutes away near Wundowie. The Wundowie Public "sand green", 18 hole golf course is 15minues from Morangup. Toodyay and Northam also have competitive winter golf courses. EL Caballo Golf Course, 88 Great Eastern Hwy, Wooroloo is the closest 18 hole course with turf greens, bar and carts. This is located 25kms and 25minutes to the south of Morangup. Electrical power feeds to properties in Morangup are typically single phase supplies only. Properties/Land may not, affordably, have power or telephony available to them. Hybrid Solar Solutions are readily available and becoming well utilized in these circumstances. Morangup has essential trade services available i.e. Local Plumbers/Gas fitters, Electricians etc. Unfortunately building trades such as Fixers, Painters, Tilers, Brickies, Carpenter etc, are very limited and are typically more expensive to engage given the distance from Perth Metro. Reliability is an issue here! (getting quotes and asking for advice on local Facebook groups etc, before engaging trades people is important). Most transport/cartage/carrier services, in and out, are readily available. (Cost of transporting goods is an added consideration).  Morangup has local mechanical services and is well catered for in all surrounding districts. The RAC readily provide towing services to and from Morangup (extended cover is recommended). Local earth moving contractors are familiar with the terrain in Morangup and are readily available here. Morangup has a free public library service. The portable service is provided by the shire of Toodyay and is available at the Morangup community hall every second and fourth Tuesday of each month from 2.30pm to 5.30pm. Silver Chain Nursing is available to patrons living in Morangup. Most roads in Morangup are now sealed and Australia post delivers daily to your post box. (excluding large parcels and signature required items). Morangup has numerous school bus services available for school children located throughout Morangup. Several picking up and dropping off right to the driveway.


Borrowing money to buy in Morangup?


Most Lenders and LMI providers consider Toodyay / Morangup as a Category 3: Smaller towns with fluctuating property markets. Considered to be medium to high risk. For this purpose our example was based on an 80% LVR loan.


In  Morangup you may find that some lenders will accept properties in a particular location as security but will then decline your loan due to a lack of comparable sales!


Lenders require their valuers to provide three comparable sales to support their estimate of the market value of your property. Comparable sales are only accepted if they have sold within the last six months, they are similar to your property (e.g. land size / property type) and if their sale price is within 10% of the value of your property.

For example, if your property is a typical 20 acre Mcknoe hobby farm worth $425,000 then the valuer would not be able to use a sale of a unit in Toodyay, Gidgegannup Midland or Mundaring as a comparable sale. In addition, they cannot use a similar property next door that sold two years ago.


Small rural subdivisions can be a big problem! If you are in a rural location then the property market will not be very active and as a result the bank valuer will be unable to find comparable sales. If looking for a property loan we advise using a local Banking institute or local broker with local knowledge. The same applies to sworn valuations!

The great news is that some lenders can accept properties even with few comparable sales., so it pays to check around before committing to the first finance offer.

You may need to reduce the percentage (LVR) that you're borrowing against the property value  to enable you to get approval.


Editor note: Please seek professional and local advice before investing your time and money in our district. Rural living can be very difficult and expensive if you're unskilled or underfunded. Living in a rural environment can be isolating and emotionally distressing for many people. This region is not for everyone, it could prove a costly mistake should these considerations not be properly investigated, prior to transitioning here.


†Perth Metro costing provided online via Dargan Financials PTY LTD data 05/2018

†† Note: The example above does not include costs for vehicle depreciation or added cost such as servicing, tyres and on-roads costs
such as licensing insurance, RAC etc. An average cost for these expenses using a mid sized vehicle 2015 Camry Altise as the example is $162.16pw, $8432.32pa.

It should be noted that these costs are not typically tax deductible for wage and salary earners.


††† Income tax and Medicare calculated via the ATO's online estimator. go here and here (2 children and a dependent spouse with no income)


# Market Comparison variable TERM rate 5.38 %p.a as of June  2018


Index of Relative Socio-economic Disadvantage SEIFA

Toodyay - West Toodyay    963.4     26 percentile


*Distances quoted are measured from the intersection of Morangup road and Mcknoe South. The term 'Nearest' means the closest distance and/or  time required.

Distances and times are derived from Google Maps. Times quoted may vary depending on traffic (slow moving vehicles), road conditions and road works.

When traveling to and from Morangup we recommend allowing yourself extra time. Drop 5 and stay alive. It's better to arrive late than DEAD on time.

Plant of the Month — October 2018Gastrolobium sericeum (Sm.) G.Chandler & Crisp

Find out more about Gastrolobium sericeum (Sm.) G.Chandler & Crisp

Gastrolobium sericeum is a weakly branched shrub to 1 m high often found scrambling up through other shrubs. The stunning black pea flowers occur from September to December.

Gastrolobium sericeum is endemic to south-west WA where it grows on the banks of water courses and swamp margins on clay and sandy soils in open shrublands. It occurs from east of Denmark, Cranbrook, on the western edge of the Stirling Range.

The name Gastrolobium is from the Greek words gastros, meaning "stomach", and lobus, meaning "pod", referring to the seed pods. The circumscription of the genus Gastrolobium and its allied genera has changed considerably over the years and species have been transferred from one genus to another on several occasions, with Gastrolobium now including species formerly in Brachysema, Jansonia, Nemcia and Oxylobium. Gastrolobium is now the largest genus (in number of species) of pea-flowered legumes from the tribe Mirbelieae in WA, and the third largest Australia-wide (after Pultenaea and Daviesia).

Photo: R. Davis

Find out more about Gastrolobium sericeum (Sm.) G.Chandler & Crisp

Plant of the Month — September 2018Calandrinia quartzitica Obbens

Find out more about Calandrinia quartzitica Obbens

Calandrinia quartzitica is a newly described species in the family Montiaceae. In 2003, WA Herbarium Identification Botanist Rob Davis made the first collection of this species, noting that it was possibly a perennial. Indeed, C. quartzitica can be distinguished from other species in the genus by its perennial and scrambling habit, seeds with an obvious, bright metallic lustre at maturity, and an unusual habitat dominated by quartzite (the species epithet is derived from the quartz geology). It is currently known to occur from the edge of five salt lakes just north of Kalgoorlie in the Eastern Murchison sub-bioregion and flowers from around mid-September to mid-October.

Calandrinia quartzitica, a conservation listed taxon, was described this year by the Herbarium’s Research Associate Frank Obbens in our journal Nuytsia, from which much of this text is transcribed.

Photo: B. Moyle

Find out more about Calandrinia quartzitica Obbens

Plant of the Month — August 2018

Thomasia grandiflora (Large Flowered Thomasia) is a low multi-stemmed shrub to 1 metre high, it has large, often pendulous purple flowers with a papery, crinkled appearance. What look to be the petals, are actually fused sepals, the petals are reduced to scale-like appendages at the base of the stamens. This species can be found from the Geraldton sandplain, Swan Coastal Plain, Jarrah forest regions and along the south coast, flowering from July to November.

The genus Thomasia has around 40 species and is confined to southern WA except for one species, Thomasia petalocalyx, which extends into SA and Vic. Thomasia and the closely related genus Lasiopetalum are currently being revised by Drs Carol Wilkins and Kelly Shepherd at the Western Australian Herbarium. This is critical, as many species including a number that are potentially new but not yet named, are rare or under threat and a lack of up-to-date information poses significant problems for conservation management.

Photo: R. Davis

Plant of the Month — July 2018Olearia rudis (Benth.) Benth. — Rough Daisybush

Find out more about Olearia rudis (Benth.) Benth.

Olearia rudis (Rough Daisybush) is a ray of sunshine on a cloudy winter’s day, with its showy, mauve flowers on display from July-November. This attractive and variable species is usually short-lived and grows to c. 1.3 m high, with leaves that are often sticky and aromatic to touch. It occurs on the south-west coastal dunes where it largely appears as an erect annual, and in woodlands from the jarrah forest to the wheatbelt where it is an open perennial shrub.

The genus Olearia belongs to the Asteraceae family and consists of approximately 180 species from Australia, New Guinea and New Zealand, with about 130 species in Australia (all endemic). The genus includes herbaceous plants, shrubs and small trees, with some species used in horticulture.

Photo: R. Davis

Find out more about Olearia rudis (Benth.) Benth.

Plant of the Month — June 2018Blancoa canescens Lindl. — Winter Bell

Find out more about Blancoa canescens Lindl.

Blancoa canescens (Winter Bell) is a clumping perennial herb that has strap-like leaves and produces clusters of red, pendulous, bell-shaped flowers from June to September. The flowers attract a range of nectar-feeding birds.

The species occurs from south of Perth to Eneabba, in woodland and heath on grey-white sand.

Blancoa is a monotypic genus belonging to the family Haemodoraceae, which also includes the genera Conostylis (Cone Flowers) and Anigozanthos (Kangaroo Paw).

Photo: R. Davis

Find out more about Blancoa canescens Lindl.

Plant of the Month — May 2018 Eucalyptus rhodantha Blakely & H.Steedman — Rose Mallee

Find out more about Eucalyptus rhodantha Blakely & H.Steedman

Eucalyptus rhodantha (Rose Mallee) is a small, spreading mallee growing to 3m high with contrasting silver-grey foliage and large, pendulous red flowers. It can be seen flowering from early May in the north-western parts of the wheat-belt and southern parts of the Geraldton sandplain where its often found in small pure communities in flat and gently undulating country.

The Rose Mallee is uncommon in the wild, but the red filaments and silvery leaves make this a desirable shrub in gardens, particularly in the drier areas. It can be distinguished from the equally showy Eucalyptus macrocarpa by the long peduncle and pedicels and slightly smaller buds and fruits. Several species of birds and small mammals pollinate the flowers.

Photo: R. Davis

Find out more about Eucalyptus rhodantha Blakely & H.Steedman

Plant of the Month — April 2018 Dioscorea hastifolia Endl. — Warrine

Find out more about Dioscorea hastifolia Endl.

Dioscorea hastifolia (Warrine) is a dioecious (with separate male and female plants), tuberous, twining vine growing to 3 m high. Sprays of small, yellow flowers are produced from April to July.

Endemic to WA, Warrine often grows in granitic and basaltic soil in open forest, woodland and shrub communities. It occurs from south of Perth to Shark Bay and inland to the wheat-belt.

Warrine produces cylindroidal tubers, sometimes known as native yams, that grow to 10-25 cm long and were eaten raw or lightly roasted by local Aboriginal groups.

The genus Dioscorea contains roughly 600 species, which are mostly distributed in the tropics but some occur in temperate zones.

Photo: R. Davis

Find out more about Dioscorea hastifolia Endl.

Plant of the Month — March 2018 Martensia denticulata Harv.

Find out more about Martensia denticulata Harv.

Martensia denticulata (Toothed Martensia) is a delicate, membranous red seaweed that can be found in shallow water on relatively high energy coasts in the Perth region. The genus is one of the more unusual and attractive of the red algae, as it produces a netlike region from the margins of a solid blade, with the two regions occasionally alternating. Thalli of Martensia denticulata are a pale pink colour, but often have a bluish tinge when viewed underwater. The spherical structures visible in the photo are reproductive structures that arise after the female plants have been fertilized.

Martensia belongs the family Delesseriaceae, a widespread red algal family that includes numerous spectacular seaweeds, most prolifically in colder seas but many species can also be found in the tropics.

Photo: J. Huisman

Find out more about Martensia denticulata Harv.

Plant of the Month — February 2018 Ottelia ovalifolia (R.Br.) Rich. — Swamp Lily

Find out more about Ottelia ovalifolia (R.Br.) Rich.

Ottelia ovalifolia (Swamp Lily) is a perennial or annual, tufted, aquatic plant with floating leaves and flowers. The solitary flowers arise from the base of the plant and feature three bright, white petals with a contrasting maroon or yellow base.

The Swamp Lily is found throughout mainland Australia, where it grows in still and slowly flowing fresh water to 1 m deep. It can be seen in local wetlands around Perth throughout the summer period, particularly as water systems begin to dry.

The genus Ottelia belongs to the family Hydrocharitaceae and contains approximately twenty species that are found mainly in the tropics and subtropics, with just two native species O. ovalifolia and O. alismoides growing in Australia.

Photo: R. Davis

Find out more about Ottelia ovalifolia (R.Br.) Rich.

Plant of the Month — January 2018 Thelymitra fuscolutea R.Br. — Chestnut Sun Orchid

Find out more about Thelymitra fuscolutea R.Br.

Thelymitra fuscolutea (Chestnut sun orchid) is a late flowering orchid growing to 20–30 cm high, with broad, leathery, bright green to yellowish green leaves. The delicate flowers, on show from November to January, are pale brown and yellow, often chestnut in colour, with a dense tuft of whitish column hairs.

The Chestnut sun orchid is endemic to southwestern WA where it is uncommon, but moderately widespread and well conserved. It occurs just north of Perth to just east of Albany, where it grows in coastal heath, forests and often around the edges of winter-wet swamps, but also in adjacent drier areas.

Photo: R. Davis

Find out more about Thelymitra fuscolutea R.Br.

Plant of the Month — December 2017 Viminaria juncea (Schrad. & J.C.Wendl.) Hoffmanns. — Swishbush

Find out more about Viminaria juncea (Schrad. & J.C.Wendl.) Hoffmanns.

Viminaria juncea (Swishbush) is a tall, glabrous shrub to 5 m high with pendulous branches and slender, wiry branchlets. Sprays of bright yellow, pea-shaped flowers are produced from November to January.

Swishbush is a unique species, being the only Viminaria known. The species name is derived from the Latin juncus, meaning ’rush‘, referring to the rush-like branches. It is widespread across Australia, occurring in all states but not the NT. In WA it can be found from Geraldton to Esperance in a variety of habitats, but often in winter-wet depressions or near lakes.

Photo: R. Davis

Find out more about Viminaria juncea (Schrad. & J.C.Wendl.) Hoffmanns.

Plant of the Month — November 2017 Boronia heterophylla F.Muell. — Kalgan Boronia

Find out more about Boronia heterophylla F.Muell.

Boronia heterophylla (Kalgan Boronia) is a slender, branched shrub growing to 2 m high. It produces sprays of pendulous, bright pink, bell-shaped flowers from September to November. The flowers, while not as strongly scented as the better-known Boronia megastigma (Scented Boronia), are highly perfumed and the leaves are aromatic when touched. Boronias are part of the Rutaceae family, of which citrus are also members.

Kalgan Boronia is endemic to south-west WA and occurs predominantly in the Albany region, with a disjunct population around Busselton. It can be found growing on wet flats and near watercourses in jarrah forest.

Photo: R. Davis

Find out more about Boronia heterophylla F.Muell.

Plant of the Month — October 2017 Grevillea eryngioides Benth. — Curly Grevillea

Find out more about Grevillea eryngioides Benth.

Grevillea eryngioides (Curly Grevillea) is a suckering shrub that grows to 0.5­­–2m tall, with stiffly lobed, bright, blue-grey leaves that create an attractive foliage contrast against the surrounding bush. When George Bentham first described this species in 1870 he thought the foliage bore a resemblance to that of the genus Eryngium (Apiaceae), which inspired his choice of name.

This interesting species produces long flowering stalks to 2m high from September to November, with flowers and fruits that are copiously viscid and sticky to touch. The perianth is purple in colour with green styles that have a purplish-black pollen presenter. Curly Grevillea is widely distributed in inland areas of the southwest, from Morawa to west of Coolgardie and south to Lake King, where it grows in heath or shrubland, in sand or laterite soils.

Photo: R. Davis

Find out more about Grevillea eryngioides Benth.

Plant of the Month — September 2017 Pimelea physodes Hook. — Qualup Bell

Pimelea physodes (Qualup Bell) is an erect, spindly, shrub growing to a metre high. It occurs mostly in the Fitzgerald River National Park where it can be quite common, and flowers from July to October.

The small flowers occur in clusters at the ends of the branches and are enclosed by large, reddish-purple, leafy bracts that produce showy, bell-shaped, pendulous flower heads, making this species perhaps the most spectacular member of the genus.

The species epithet is from the Greek physodes meaning ‘bellows-like’, referring to the inflated shape of the flower head. The flower shape bears a striking resemblance to some of the species in Darwinia, particularly Darwinia macrostegia. This similarity demonstrates a degree of parallel evolution, with both genera adapting to bird pollination.

Photo: R. Davis

Find out more about Pimelea physodes Hook.

Plant of the Month — August 2017 Chamaescilla maculata Red-Spotted Squill

Find out more about Chamaescilla maculata R.W.Davis & A.P.Br.

Chamaescilla maculata (Red-Spotted Squill) is a small, tuberous, perennial herb growing to 7 cm high. It is currently only known from two populations between Jurien Bay and Kalbarri, where it occurs in low heath with herbs, in boggy, seasonally wet areas. The small, delicate, white flowers can be seen from July-September. The fruits are produced from late winter to early spring.

The species epithet is from the Latin maculatus (spotted) in reference to the reddish to purple markings at the ends of the perianth, mostly on the abaxial surface.

Chamaescilla maculata, a conservation listed taxon, was described this year by Departmental staff Rob Davis and Andrew Brown in our journal Nuytsia.

Photo: R. Davis

Find out more about Chamaescilla maculata R.W.Davis & A.P.Br.

Plant of the Month Flowering Calendar Plant of the Month — July 2017

Bossiaea dentata (Elegant Bossiaea) is an erect shrub that can grow to 3 m high, with stems often arching upwards and outwards, or it can be low and spreading, sometimes prostrate and wind-pruned in exposed coastal areas.

The large pendulous flowers, on show from July to November, make this a very distinctive species. The flower colour can vary markedly with age, often a green or greenish-yellow when young, the flowers can transform to a salmon pink and then to dull red or deep burgundy as they mature. The large pendulous flowers, together with the reduced size of the standard petal relative to the wing and keel petals, plus the elongated pink to burgundy wing and keel petals, all suggest that B. dentata is pollinated by birds.

The genus Bossiaea belongs to the family Fabaceae and B. dentata occurs along coastal regions from just west of Albany to east of Esperance and on some of the off-shore islands, especially in the Recherche Archipelago.

Photo: R. Davis Text: C. Parker 

Find out more about Bossiaea dentata (R.Br.) Benth.

Go to Calendar

To celebrate 10 years since the inception of Plant of the Month Flowering Calendar, the Western Australia Department of Parks and Wildlife's Herbarium presents a new way to access these pages—a visual conspectus, or the beginnings of a flowering calendar.

© The WA DPAW Flora database

June 2017s "Plant of the Month" went to Jasminum calcareum (Poison Creeper) is an erect suckering perennial herb growing to one metre high. It produces sprays of white flowers that were described as “fragrantissimi” (very fragrant) by F.J.H. von Mueller when he first published this taxon in 1859. This species occurs in NT, Qld, and WA, where it can be found on rocky or calcareous soils in Eremaean regions and along coastal areas from Geraldton to Broome.

In addition to the striking flowers, the plant produces succulent, very dark purple to black fruits that are toxic to humans if ingested.

The genus Jasminum (Jasmine) consists of shrubs and vines and belongs to the family Oleaceae (olive family). It contains around 200 species native to tropical and warm temperate regions of Eurasia, Australasia and Oceania. Find out more about Jasminum calcareum F.Muell.

For this and so much more, head over to the FloraBase website and start browsing around.

Information is sourced from the FloraBase©. conforms to the “fair use” copyright guidelines as prescribed for copyright reproduction by the Western Australian Herbarium, Department of Parks and Wildlife.

What If Morangup 6083

By Rudyard Kipling

(‘Brother Square-Toes’—Rewards and Fairies)

If you can keep your head when all about you   
    Are losing theirs and blaming it on you,   
If you can trust yourself when all men doubt you,
    But make allowance for their doubting too;   
If you can wait and not be tired by waiting,
    Or being lied about, don’t deal in lies,
Or being hated, don’t give way to hating,
    And yet don’t look too good, nor talk too wise:

If you can dream—and not make dreams your master;   
    If you can think—and not make thoughts your aim;   
If you can meet with Triumph and Disaster
    And treat those two impostors just the same;   
If you can bear to hear the truth you’ve spoken
    Twisted by knaves to make a trap for fools,
Or watch the things you gave your life to, broken,
    And stoop and build ’em up with worn-out tools:

If you can make one heap of all your winnings
    And risk it on one turn of pitch-and-toss,
And lose, and start again at your beginnings
    And never breathe a word about your loss;
If you can force your heart and nerve and sinew
    To serve your turn long after they are gone,   
And so hold on when there is nothing in you
    Except the Will which says to them: ‘Hold on!’

If you can talk with crowds and keep your virtue,   
    Or walk with Kings—nor lose the common touch,
If neither foes nor loving friends can hurt you,
    If all men count with you, but none too much;
If you can fill the unforgiving minute
    With sixty seconds’ worth of distance run,   
Yours is the Earth and everything that’s in it,   
    And—which is more—you’ll be a Man, my son!


Source: A Choice of Kipling's Verse (1943)

Black Hawk helicopters over Perth and WA’s South-West region

Australian Army and United States military Black Hawk helicopters and personnel are taking to the skies over Perth and the South-West region of Western Australia from late-April to mid-June to practise operations against simulated terrorist targets.

The Black Hawks and soldiers are taking part in scheduled counter-terrorism exercises using civilian locations in the greater Perth metropolitan area and South-West region.The public should not be alarmed if they see low-flying helicopters, vehicles and military personnel or hear the associated noise of the helicopters, blank gunfire and pyrotechnics. The training uses commercial buildings and transport hubs, locations chosen for their training value and the added realism that comes from training in these areas.

People who see the training should not be concerned that any of the locations are under any form of actual threat.
Training such as this helps ensure Australia and our US allies to remain among the best counter-terrorism response capabilities in the world.

The ADF is unable to provide media access or further information, including specific timings, regarding this training in order to protect operational tactics, techniques and procedures. Individuals with concerns should contact:

Date of Publication: Monday, 30 April, 2018 See this link for more info

Heading overseas ?

Consular Services Charter


Department of Foreign Affairs and Trade. Assisting Australians overseas

There are a range of tasks which are outside the Australian consular role or which they do not provide for when overseas.

These include:

  • guarantee your safety and security in another country or make your travel arrangements
  • give you legal advice, interpret or translate documents, though we may provide details of local lawyers and translators
  • intervene in another country's court proceedings or legal matters including employment disputes, commercial disputes, criminal cases and family law matters or child custody disputes
  • carry out searches for missing people, which is the responsibility of local authorities
  • investigate crimes or deaths overseas, which is the responsibility of local authorities
  • get you out of prison or prevent you from being deported
  • get you better treatment in prison than local prisoners, although we may raise welfare concerns with local authorities with your consent 
  • post bail or pay your fines or legal expenses
  • enforce an Australian or any other custody agreement overseas or compel a country to decide a custody case
  • pay for medical or psychiatric services or medications
  • pay your pension or social security benefits
  • arrange visas, licences, work or residency permits for other countries
  • intervene in immigration, customs or quarantine matters in other countries,
  • store lost property, or
  • receive or send postal items on your behalf.

Go to Smart Traveller for up to date information and travel advice



Before lodging an objection, make sure you have considered these questions.

  1. Have you contacted Landgate to discuss your GRV?
  2. Do you know the Date of Valuation for your property?
  3. Watch our GRV video for further information
  4. Do you have rental information about similar properties in your area from the time of your valuation?
  5. Have you read through the Landgate valuation information START HERE

Download the objection form [0.1MB].

Country Program

Gross Rental Value (GRV) general valuations are carried out once every three to five years in country areas of WA. During 2016/17, general valuations were conducted in 22 country local governments, all of which have a Date of Valuation of 1 August 2016.  Within these 22 areas Landgate assessed 72,876 properties, recording an overall increase in value of 4.1% to $1.32 billion.  A breakdown of overall percentage changes in value and an average percentage change for each property classification are shown in Table 1.

What is an Unimproved Value (UV)?

Unimproved Values (UVs) are determined each year and come into effect on the 30 June following the date of valuation (ie this is 1 August the previous year).

UVs are used by the Office of State Revenue to determine land tax and by local governments to assess council rates, most often on rural land and regional lands.

How is the UV determined?

UV assessments consider the value of vacant land by analysing sales in the locality around the Date of Valuation including:

  • for land within town sites the UV takes into account improvements such as clearing, retaining walls, levelling and filling
  • land outside town sites is valued as though it remains in its original, natural state, although any land degradation is taken into account as are any services or amenities which add value
  • land used for cropping or grazing is calculated as a percentage of the value of the land (the percentage is prescribed by regulation by the Valuer-General from year to year and is currently set at 50 per cent)
  • land within a strata plan is valued as a single parcel in single ownership - the overall value is apportioned according to the unit entitlement on the registered plan.
UV exceptions

There are certain exceptions where the UV is based on a statutory formula, such as a fixed rate per hectare or a multiple of the annual rent.

These exceptions include mining tenements, leases under the Land Administration Act 1997 for the purpose of grazing, leases under agreement acts, and land held under the Conservation and Land Management Act 1984.

Unimproved Values (UV) – urban land Average percentage change in unimproved valuations across the state August 2015-2016

Land use 
Metro   Regional   State
Commercial -3.09 -11.25 -8.19
Farming -2.14 -10.65 -6.44
Industrial -3.48 -15.44 -8.71
Residential -3.76 -10.70 -5.77

Average change in unimproved valuations for adoption 30 June 2017

Information contained above are exerts from Landgate WA. Please see their website for more information.

Try these links for Paid assistance Need help ?

In A Bushfire Every Five Minutes Counts Especially Your Next Five Minutes

Bushfires are unpredictable and happen every year.

The single biggest killer is indecision.

To survive a bushfire you must be prepared to make your own decisions.


Additional information and other links

Download Bushfire Warning System (PDF - 21 KB)

Download Horses And Bushfires (PDF - 21 KB)

Download Travelling During A Bushfire (PDF - 78 KB)

Download How Do I Keep Informed (PDF - 28 KB)

Download Bushfire Risks and Dangers (PDF - 32 KB)

Download Safer Places In Bushfire (PDF - 78 KB)

Download Renting And Bushfires (PDF - 23 KB)

Download Evaporative Air Conditioners (PDF - 57 KB)

Download Sheltering In Your Home (PDF - 57 KB)


Let us know what you think about these fire resistant equine rugs 

These rugs are designed to be used in an impending emergency situation.

Visit Page

Community Grants

The Government of Western Australia has made funds available from the Road Trauma Trust Account (RTTA) for community initiatives that assist in promoting road safety messages across the state. The Road Safety Community Grant Program supports the development and implementation of sustainable projects and one-off community activities related to road safety.

Applications must be received at least three months prior to the event and are assessed bi-monthly. Applications close on the last Friday of February, April, June, August, October and December at 5.00pm.

Grant applications are assessed by the Road Safety Community Grants Committee which recommends a list for the Minister for Road Safety's consideration.

Road Safety Community Grants are available to support either community events or projects.

Event Grants encourage community groups to participate and include road safety activities within their event. Successful applicants will be supplied with a road safety message with relevant information and suggestions for supporting policies.

Project Grants are made available to groups to implement road safety projects. These are usually 12 month projects with a plan to be sustainable after funding. The amount funded is based on the Committee’s assessment of the application.

To apply for either an Event or a Project Grant please read the criteria and complete the application form (all applicants must have an ABN number).

Please note there is trialling of a new online application for Community Grants and welcome applicant feedback. For any assistance with your application or grant queries, contact the Grants Officer on 1300 999 772 or

Flying Remotely Piloted Aircraft Systems

Recently RAAF aircrew operating out of RAAF Base Pearce and Gin Gin have reported an increase in Remotely Piloted Aircraft Systems (RPAS or Drones) which in one case came within 6 meters of an aircraft in flight.

A PDF document link highlighting the requirements for the operation of RPAS within this airspace is listed below.

If you operate a Remotely Piloted Aircraft System please take note of the restrictions and requirements.



Pestfax touch icon

PestFax (Western Australia)

Make quick reports from crop and pasture paddocks of pests, diseases, weeds and other damage anywhere in the Western Australian Wheatbelt.

Morangup you can now report crop and pasture pests, diseases, weeds or other damage like frost directly from the paddock using the PestFax reporter app on your smart phone or tablet.  Reporting only takes a few seconds as all common crop types and disorders can be selected from lists within the app. .  If you like you can add extra information, include a photo, or ask for a call back to discuss the situation.  No problem if you are out of mobile range, the app will send your report as soon as it gets a connection.


ios Store Android app store

PestFax reporter WA is the property of the Western Australian Government

For more great Agricultural app's click here

DAFWA Weather Station App logo (decorative)

Weather stations app

DAFWA's network of automatic weather stations throughout the state provide timely, relevant and local weather data to assist growers.

This data includes air temperature, humidity, rainfall, wind speed and direction, with most stations also measuring incoming solar radiation to calculate evaporation.

The weather stations app provides quick access to live weather data on mobile devices.


ios Store Android app store

Toodyay State Emergency Service (SES)

Co-located at 3 wallaby way Morangup with the MVBFB and St John Ambulance.

Roles performed are: Land Search and Storm Damage.

New members are currently being sought by this unit

Toodyay SES is the regions newest SES unit.


3 Wallaby Way Morangup (Located behind the Morangup Community Centre) 


Manager: Jeff Venn           0417 714 798 
ecretary: Kim Maddrell   0447 471 323 

Admin: Rosie McClellan

Region: Midlands- Goldfield

SESVA Committee Contact:

Lloyd Powell 0458 826 655

Email here

New Members Welcome.

Are you interested in volunteering? 

Contact the unit on the details above or SMS the word SES  and your name to 0408 017 439 and a member of the unit will contact you.


DFES Volunteer Portal 

 [cover image ABC]

See also SESVA for more information, also click HERE for DFES information

For K9 SES see this page

Contacting the SES

Call 132 500 from anywhere in Western Australia for  emergency SES assistance in a flood or storm.

It is the same cost as a local call in WA  (mobiles may be higher).

SES volunteers are on call 24 hours a day to provide emergency assistance if you or your property is affected by a flood or storm.

When you call 132 500 a trained call taker will note the details and dispatch an SES Unit to the incident.


If you require emergency assistance do not send an email.

Phone triple zero (000) for police, fire or ambulance.

See also:

  •      Administration: Department of Fire and Emergency Services (DFES) 08 9395 9300  (office hours);
  •      DFES public affairs 08 9225 5955 (all hours).
  •      For Volunteer Recruitment Information, phone 1800 628 141


Australians face disasters every year.

When your time comes, how will you stay informed?
Emergency AUS- Delivers warning and incident information issued by official agencies across Australia.

    Business type: Electrical contractor
    Business name: Allen P R Electrics Pty Ltd

    Location:  Morangup Road, Morangup WA 6083

    To book, phone Brian or Samantha

    0411 111 437

    Contact: Brian Allen

    Contact: Samantha Allen
    : 36 009 248 944
    Registered, Accredited and Publicly Insured, Licensed electrical contractors.
    Service area:  Morangup, Gidgegannup, Toodyay and Perth hills.
    Facebook: Our Facebook page
    Industry experience
    : +40 years. 4th generation, family owned local business.

    Local electricians for general domestic and industrial electrical repair, upgrades, maintenance and installation.
    We work with LED Down-lights, light fixtures, switchboard upgrades and repairs, circuit breakers, main switches, RCD's, smoke detectors / smoke alarms, rental compliance upgrades, cable upgrades and repairs, underground main cable installations and repairs. new power-points, light switches changed and upgraded, ceiling fan installation and repairs, solar system maintenance, hot water systems repairs and installs, generator and auxiliary power crossover / transfer switch installation, generator inlet power point and safety switches installed, fault finding/diagnostics, installation of your compliant electrical purchases ( i.e. a power point or ceiling fan from the hardware), commercial and domestic electrics for refrigeration and air conditioning, evaporative air conditioning maintenance, servicing and repair, new cable runs to shed and garage switchboards, outdoor lighting and power poles, swimming pool power, spa bath power, industrial sheds, power and lighting installed to stables and horse arenas, dairies, hay-sheds, industrial buildings, commercial fit-outs, rural electrical, power for irrigation pumps and reticulation controllers, bore pump power, rainwater pump power, mega testing,  cable testing and tagging, LED security lighting, LED Floodlights, appliance removal and installs, industrial electrical commissioning and decommissioning, main and sub-board upgrades from old ceramic fuses to new combination RCD/MCB's, damaged cable tracing plus much more.

    Situated here in Morangup, Allen P R Electrics is a local business with local knowledge.
    Allen P R Electrics offer reliable and honest service at competitive prices. Quality workmanship guaranteed.

    Phone Brain or Sam 0411 111 437


    Please don't attempt any unlicensed 240 volt-AC-Mains electrical work.
    Dying while trying to be an electrician...It's just not worth it!

     The possibly of severe injury or death from electrocution is very real. Don't risk your life or the lives of others!
    Electricity kills -- unlike many countries, where electricity is only 110 volts, Australia uses 240+ volts of electricity, which is easily enough to kill you. And even if you aren’t concerned about your own safety, consider your family and other people. If you are electrocuted, they may unwittingly try to help you and be electrocuted themselves through touching you while you are ‘live’.

    DIY electrical work is illegal penalties for illegal electrical work vary from state to state in Australia, but they can be as high as $40,000 in fines for individuals and up to $200,000 or three years imprisonment if deaths or injuries result from such illegal work.

    Faulty wiring and or cheap non-compliant components can be a time bomb, incorrect or unsafe wiring can be an accident waiting to happen, and so can cheap fixtures and fittings bought from unscrupulous, cheap, online stores. It may go unnoticed for a long period before causing a problem resulting in electrocution, fire or death.

    Financial  losses from damages caused by electrical fire as a result of faulty, unlicensed installation are not covered by insurance, you may lose everything you've worked for and you may also be found liable for all costs related to any incident. As mentioned above, in WA there's quite serious fines and/or imprisonment from successful regulatory prosecution.

    To book now, phone Brian or Samantha on  0411 111 437


    Morangup Residents please give generously.


    The MVBFB will be fundraising with their yearly stall at the Toodyay Show on Saturday the 7th of October 2017

    Please drop in and purchase some of the awesome Jam's, Chutneys, Pickles Cakes and Craft items.

    (all donations will be graciously accepted on the day)

    Please show your support for our local volunteer fire brigade.
    A small contribution of just $20.00 per household will go a long way in assisting our communities' volunteer fire brigade!
    In July this year, households received a hand delivered newsletter in their mailbox from the MVBFB. The letter was in relation to the 16/17 fire season, the July newsletter also appealed for contributions from residents to help offset the ongoing costs associated with having our own fire service.

    The Morangup Volunteer Bush Fire Brigade [MVBFB] is a vital component in our communities safety and donations are a huge lifeline to our fire brigade. The generosity and support by locals over many years has assisted in keeping the MVBFB functioning at it's best. Your ongoing support will greatly contribute to the local brigade operating to their utmost capacity (especially when needed!).

    The MVBFB are typically first responders to most local incidents, we can't imagine the impact caused by having to wait for fire personal and equipment from Toodyay, Gidgegannup or Coondle-Nunile Volunteer Bush Fire Brigades, the delay could prove catastrophic should we not have the Morangup volunteer brigade available.

    Morangup6083, (this website), would like to remind residents that the fire season will soon be upon us and we urge all residents to donate to the Morangup brigade using the information listed below. (read on for details)

    As covered in their July17 appeal, the Morangup Volunteer Bush Fire Brigade are seeking donations for the Morangup fire district, donations will assist with the running of the brigade for the next financial year (April 17 to March 18).

    The MVBFB welcomes everyone to come and attend their general meetings, held 5:30pm on the third (3rd) Saturday of each month.

    The brigade also holds Maintenance sessions on Saturday mornings between 08:00 and 09:30. Come say "Hi" and meet the crew!

    The MVBFB is a member of the Association of Volunteer Bush Fire Brigades (WA) Inc (AVBFB)

    Morangup Brigade contacts:
    Captain       |  Jeff Venn             0417 714 798
    Secretary    |  Kim Maddrell     0447 471 323
    Treasurer    |  Keiko Allen        0422 422 941


    Donations can be Forwarded to:  
    Lot 3 Wallaby way Morangup 6083.

    Please make your payment out to:
    Morangup Volunteer Bush Fire Brigade.

    Bank transfers to:
    BSB 306-041 A/c 055565-5
    RRN & Street name for ref please
    (bank transfer payments, please e-mail for your receipt)

    Please do not send cash by post.
    Cash payments are received in person. Please call the brigade to arrange.

    Remittance advice information is encouraged with your donation

    If posting a donation please provide
    Your Name
    Postal address (for remittance advice and receipt)
    Rural Road Number (RRN) and Street name
    E-mail address and or contact phone number
    Your donation amount.

    ABN 82 863 308059

    The MVBFB is registered with the ACNC
    Contributions to the MVBFB are not tax-deductible.

    This website, (Morangup6083) is not affiliated with the MVBFB.
    This article serves as a community reminder for a previous, public, publication.
    Please make all related enquires to the or contact one of the listed members in the article.


    The Western Australian Government is committed to implementing a container deposit scheme (CDS) for Western Australia.  Under the scheme, consumers will be able to take eligible beverage containers to an approved refund point and receive a 10 cent refund for each container.

    The Government has released a discussion paper seeking public input to the design of the scheme.  The discussion paper, available at, is open for an eight week comment period closing on 23 October 2017.

    For further information please email

    Your input and assistance to develop an effective container deposit scheme for Western Australia is welcomed.

    WA did once have this Scheme and SA has kept it successfully alive...South Australia leads the nation in the recovery, recycling and litter reduction of beverage containers with a current, overall return rate of 79.9%. With the refund scheme, beverage containers make up only 2.9% of litter.

    Have your say WA ... you know you want too!

    Cover image KABC

    Help stop illegal dumping in and around Morangup and Toodyay

    Please call the 24-hour Pollution Watch Hotline on 1300 784 782 if you see any suspected illegal dumping.

    The DER has released this press statement to inform people that offenders will and are being prosecuted.

    Cameras nab return dumper.

    On 30 June 2017 a 33-year-old Camillo man who was twice caught on covert cameras emptying trailer- loads of waste in Forrestdale was fined $1000 in Armadale Magistrates Court.
    The Department of Environment Regulation’s (DER) Illegal Dumping Program launched the prosecution against Steven Gventer Hill during a covert surveillance operation at a roadside dumping ‘hotspot’ on Kargotich Road.
    The first incident occurred on 18 February 2016, when Mr Hill drove a Toyota Landcruiser to Kargotich Road and unloaded a tandem trailer loaded with green garden waste onto the road verge.
    Four days later the accused returned to the same spot, this time dumping a trailer-load of household waste including plates, boxes and clothes onto the road verge. 
    Hill, who runs a small business mowing lawns and cleaning yards, admitted dumping the waste.
    On the first occasion, he claimed he did not charge his client enough to cover disposal fees and on the second he said he dumped the waste as the tip had just closed when he arrived.
    Mr Hill was found guilty of two counts of illegal dumping.
    In addition to the $1000 fine, Magistrate Lemmon ordered him to pay court costs of $1250. 
    DER Acting Senior Manager Investigations for the Illegal Dumping Program, Cliff Bliss, said he hoped successful prosecutions like this would deter ‘would-be’ dumpers’.
    “Instead of making sure the waste was properly disposed of at the tip nearby, this person chose to illegally dump it – on two separate occasions – leaving an unsightly mess that had the potential to impact people’s health and the environment,” he said.
    “In this case the City of Armadale, which we would like to thank for their ongoing work to combat illegal dumping, footed a clean-up bill – which has an impact on ratepayers.”
    DER conducts more than 200 illegal dumping investigations every year and monitors covert surveillance across the State.

    Anyone who witnesses illegal dumping can report it to the DER's 24-hour Pollution Watch Hotline on 1300 784 782 or via
    Mr Hill caught on covert cameras on 22 February 2016    
    The dumped waste along Kargotich Road.
    See DER website for more information CLICK HERE

    Review of Saturday 12th August 2017

    Toodyay Sections

    Shannons Leg 2 9.00am to 10.40am


    Rally Stages on Racecourse Stage in Toodyay 9.15am to 1.45pm

    Toodyay Service Park - Charcoal Lane, Toodyay 10.20am to 12.35pm

    Rally Stages on Coondle West Stage - breaks between runs 11.20am to 1.10pm

    Rally Stages on the Toodyay Stage  1.50pm to 3.30pm

    Rally Stages in Lower Chittering & Maryville Downs 3.30pm to 5.10pm

    Rally Stages in Bullsbrook 5.05pm to 7.30pm Bullsbrook Service Park - Corvette Rd, Bullsbrook

    Targa West on FB click here


    Competitors head to Whiteman Park and the Perth Hills for the second section of Leg 1 where they will race the clock over 65.10 competitive kilometres.


    The 13th Quit Targa West has attracted 64 rally teams in a mix of performance, classic and exotic vehicles.


    Competitors will race the clock on 34 stages over 242 kilometres in Malaga, Wanneroo, Whiteman Park, Kalamunda, Toodyay, Chittering and Bullsbrook before the finale on Sunday 13th August at the City of Perth Super Stage and Shannons Classics car display at Langley Park from 12pm.


    Spectating is free and all 34 stages feature a number of locations where the public can witness prime motorsport action.


    On Friday 11th August, cars will on display at the Northbridge Show and Shine on James Street from 6pm to 9pm.


    For more information visit and


    Full details of spectators can be found in these links

    Spectator Guide – download it here.

    Where to Enjoy the Action overview         

    Entry List



    Quit Targa West Highlights


    Friday, 11th August: 6pm to 9pm – Northbridge Car Display, James St, Northbridge (Rally action can be seen in Whiteman Park & Kalamunda between 9am to 5pm)
    Saturday, 12th August: 9am to 5pm – Rally action can be seen in Toodyay, Lower Chittering and Bullsbrook
    Sunday, 13th August: 9am to 3:30pm – Shannons Classics in the Park, Langley Park (Rally action can be seen in Malaga and Langley between 9:00am to 3:00pm)

    News update from Quit Targa West 2017

    City revs to life and mere seconds separate leaders in all classes   


    The heart of the City of Perth, Forrest Place, today roared to life with high-octane energy at the Ceremonial Start of Quit Targa West, a premier tarmac rally taking place in Perth and surrounds until Sunday 13 August. Live results


    After being flagged off by Lord Mayor Lisa Scaffidi who officially started the rally, competitors headed to Wanneroo for the rally’s first three stages and then onto Malaga for two night stages. Competitors enjoyed dry conditions over all five stages.


    Quit Targa West is divided into Competition and Challenge categories with classes for Modern and Classic cars in each. There’s also an award for the Quit Targa West Rallye Rookie (first timer). The Challenge category is for showroom style or non-roll caged vehicles. Vehicles manufactured earlier than 1985 are classed as Classic and the Modern class for vehicles manufacture from 1986 onwards.



    Competition Modern


    Reigning champion of Quit Targa West Peter Major started the rally as he intends to finish – fastest.


    Winning every stage of the day in their Porsche 996 Turbo, Major and co-driver Ben Searcy have a narrow 8-second lead over Peter Rullo and James Marquet in their 2012 Nissan R35 STR.


    Major ss3 CMR Photographic-3355_1200px[1]


    Major said he was happy to open Quit Targa West with a clean sweep of stage wins.


    “We had a good day and the car is good, just a few little handling issues which we’re sorting out. To be honest, I haven’t driven it properly since Targa last year besides the recce, so it’s nice to get back in to the rhythm of driving a rally,” Major said.


    “Ben and I have worked well which is a good thing given it’s our first rally together.


    “On stages like today, I don’t really have to think about what Ben’s saying, it’s pretty straight forward. Tomorrow where the stages are longer, faster and more technical is when I’ll be relying on him to make the right calls at the right time. I’m looking forward to it,” said the 32-year-old owner of Tyres and More Mobile and Totally 4×4.


    Peter Major has won four of the last seven Quit Targa West events, finished second in another and fourth in the Classic category.


    In current third place is Will White and Matt Thompson in their 2006 Mitsubishi Lancer Evo 9, trailing Rullo / Searcy by just 12 seconds.


    Rullo - 3Abroad Photography_1200px[1]White ss3 - 3Abroad Photography_1200px[1]


    Competition Classic


    In the competition classic, brothers Mick Bray and Daniel Bray have just snuck in with a 1.6 lead in their 1975 Holden Torana over current title holder Simon Gunson and Murray Armenti in their 1971 Ford Capri Perana.


    Mick Bray said that his nerves calmed down as soon as he got started at Quit Targa West.


    “Waiting for the start in Forrest Place was building my nerves to be honest!” Bray said.


    “Once we got going, it was fun, but I had a little scare at Wanneroo where I came in a bit too hot and spun around – I did a 360 – and didn’t hit anything, just some flags. I was alright after that,” the 40-year-old communications business owner said.


    In third place behind Gunson by less than 12 seconds are Simon Line and Andy King in their 1974 Proche 911.



    Challenge Modern / Classic


    The rally’s only all-female team, Sharon Gunson and Helen Lunsmann of GTI Girls Racing finished on top today in their Mitsubishi Lancer Evo 7, 14 seconds ahead of rookies Nick Bailey and Kyle O’Neil in their 2010 Volkswagen Golf GTI.


    “We did a sun dance all night and I’m delighted it didn’t rain today,” Gunson said.


    “We had a ball, a smooth and trouble free run, the car was really good, so yes, I’m really happy.


    Winner of 2016 and 2015, Gunson said a third consecutive win is on her mind.


    Gunson ss3 - 3Abroad Photography_1200px[1]


    “There’s a bit of pressure now we’re on a hat trick for Quit Targa West, and another win would be lovely, but we race our own race, have fun in the process and the results will be what they will be. I’m looking forward to it.” Gunson said.


    In third place at the end of Section 1 of Leg 1 are Justin Gan and Greg Levene in a 1978 Porsche 911, trailing second place by 1 minute and 23 seconds.


    For this and plenty more awesome news and media releases from  CLICK HERE

    Photos courtesy of Tim Allott | CMR Photographic and 3 Abroad

    The iconic Avon Bridge in Northam was reopened to traffic last Friday 4th August 2017, after an eight month closure for refurbishment works. Main Roads and the Shire of Northam opened the bridge on Friday evening in conjunction with the Avon River Festival parade to allow members of the public to get an up close look at the newly refurbished bridge, before opening it to traffic at 7.00pm.
    The refurbishment works included widening of traffic lanes, a new wider footpath, upgrading the guardrail, replacement of the bridge deck and strengthening works. 

    The Avon Bridge was built in 1940 and is used by an average of 5,600 vehicles per day.
    SRG Civil undertook refurbishment took a refurbishment of the aging Newcastle Road Bridge (Avon Bridge), at a cost of $4.4 million.

    Main Roads and the Shire of Northam would like to thank the public for their patience during the construction period. 
    The new improvements have increased community safety and the overall lifespan of this iconic bridge.
    Further Information

    Phone: 138 138


    Another Fine Mess | 7 years ago - Avon Bridge Hotel Northam




    Did you know that St John Ambulance Western Australia covers the largest area of any single ambulance service in the world – 2,525,500 square kilometers or 33 per cent of the total landmass of Australia. There are 162 St John Ambulance locations operating in country Western Australia, serviced by more than 3100 dedicated volunteer ambulance officers and 90 paramedics. These volunteers travel more than two million kilometers across country WA annually, transporting more than 62,000 people.


    The cost of your ambulance trip is covered if you have comprehensive Country Ambulance Cover. This includes as many emergency or necessary non-emergency transports you, or one of your family members, require. 


    In country Western Australia, St John Country Ambulance Cover is administered by the local St John Ambulance Sub Centres.  Morangup is a sub-branch of the Toodyay sub-centre.

    Within WA, St John Country Ambulance Cover will protect you for St John Ambulance transport 24 hours a day, 365 days a year. The subscription coverage is restricted to ambulance transport in country areas provided by St John in WA and ambulance services in other States who have a reciprocal arrangement with St John Ambulance Western Australia.

    The Benefit fund pricing arrangement is available to all residents living in regional Western Australia. For the terms and conditions of this service, or to purchase a benefit fund card via credit card, please contact St John's team on (08) 9334 1284.



    Fees for 1 year 2017/2018

    Country Volunteer Memberships Single Membership – One person per membership.
    Family Membership – Includes up to two adults and any children, under 18 years old, that are under the care of the card holders.

    $54.00 for singles | Families $89.00

    NB: A 7 day qualifying period after payment applies. Memberships are deemed invalid upon expiration date.
    For the terms and conditions of this service, or to purchase a benefit fund card via credit card, please contact the St John's team on (08) 9334 1284.


    Toodyay Shire residents
    Please call the Toodyay Office 08 9574 2390, 9am-2pm Mon to Thurs for assistance.

    General Enquiries/Payments to:
    Toodyay & Districts PO Box 364 Toodyay WA 6566
    BSB 63300 A/C 1108 72553

    Hint for Morangup residents: Please contact the Toodyay office 08 9574 2390, 9am-2pm Mon to Thurs for assistance.
    If you're using the post code 6083 to fill St Johns online form or if you're talking to a St John Ambulance head office operator about the cost please reiterate that the Morangup ambulance service is within the umbrella of the regional Ambulance sub-centre of Toodyay.

    Note: Gidgegannup shares the same post code (6083) as Morangup.
    Gidgegannup is in the Metropolitan classification for cover (covered by your private fund). 
    Morangup is a Country Volunteer, sub-branch and is a country cover service. read more here  

    St John Ambulance Toodyay office location
    120C Stirling Terrace, Toodyay WA 6566



    The Morangup ambulance service is within the umbrella of the regional Ambulance sub centre of Toodyay.
    St Johns Ambulance Toodyay division has five ambulances whom are manned by dedicated paramedical personnel and /or suitably trained volunteer ambulance officers.

    Morangup's full-time/permanent ambulance is stationed on Wallaby way in Morangup 6083. Other ambulances are housed at Bolgart and three in the Toodyay Substation.




    St John Ambulance FAQ pdf download is here



    Western Australian aged pensioners are entitled to free ambulance services.WA Ambulance services covered include: All emergency ambulance services; and Non-urgent ambulance services that are deemed to be medically necessary. Inter-hospital transfers between two public hospitals will be arranged and paid for by the sending hospital. It is important to note that inter-hospital transfers, where one or both hospitals are a private hospital, are not covered by this policy.

    Privately insured aged pensioners and seniors should check with their insurer as to whether inter-hospital transfers are covered by health insurance. For further information visit the Department of Health website.Ambulance Cover WA - Country Ambulance Cover - St John Ambulance



    Thinking of becoming a St John's Ambulance volunteer?  Volunteering 1800 069 393 or CLICK HERE FOR MORE INFORMATION



      St John Ambulance Toodyay & Districts Sub Centre 



    St John Ambulance Toodyay and Districts Sub Centre operate out of two locations in the Shire Toodyay (Toodyay and Morangup) with an additional base in Bolgart. St John ambulance provide an essential emergency response to medial emergencies.  St John Ambulance Toodyay and Districts Sub Centre is administered by St John Ambulance Australia (WA) Inc.



    Vehicles:              Fleet of 5 Ambulances across the three locations. 
    eetings:            1st  Tuesday each month (Training) 6:30pm 
    Location:            120 Stirling Terrace, TOODYAY WA 6566 
    Contact:              9574 2390 
                                  PO Box 364, Toodyay WA 6566 




    BBC Documentary 2017 - There's no Tomorrow, Peak Oil and Climate Change | Mini-Documentary

    There's No Tomorrow

    This is a quick journey through the subjects of oil formation, peak oil, energy, economic growth, and resource depletion. I've condensed several years of reading and research into little over half an hour. The most important sequence is around the 17min mark, dealing with Growth...the real subject of the TNT.

    Further information about the film and the making of:


    If you want to keep up with future incubate pictures releases, don't forget to subscribe to this channel! I work on occasional, big projects - they won't come out very often, but when they do, you may not want to miss them - so if you want to stay in the loop, hit the subscribe button.

    My animation blog will be updated more often:, in which I'll soon be uploading free tutorials on how to animate in Flash, and other things of interest.

    To help the ongoing translation of TNT, visit

    Anyone who wants to see my animation tutorials, explaining some of the techniques used in this film:

    credits & further info:
    Animated by Dermot O Connor
    Music by:
    Discuss more:
    Google users be warned: You may be sent a virus via a Google Docs lookalike, and it’s not at all what you think it’s going to be.

    Fortune reports that on Wednesday, a lot of people received an email that came by way of subject “So-and-so has shared a document on Google Docs with you.” It might seem legit, but once you click on the link, it wreaks havoc on your account.

    Whether you recognize the sender’s name in question or not, it’s a phishing scam designed to infect your computer. What’s more, Twitter user Zach Latta posted a video of what clicking on the email link actually looks like, pointing out that it’s “super sophisticated.” In saying that, he means that, until the virus actually invades your computer, the software nearly identically mimics the way you would go about viewing an actual Google Doc.

    If you go through the motions of logging in, you will, in fact, be giving these hackers every single key to the ultimate castle: your Gmail. While not much has been explained about the origins of this current threat to your digital livelihood, Gmail did take to Twitter to make the following “Official Google Statement”. The company tweeted, “We have taken action to protect users against an email impersonating Google Docs & have disabled offending accounts. We’ve removed the fake pages, pushed updates through Safe Browsing, and our abuse team is working to prevent this kind of spoofing from happening again. We encourage users to report phishing emails in Gmail.”

    If you’ve had the unfortunate luck of already clicking an email link that is beginning to sound a lot like this one, never fear: You can backtrack easily. Simply go to your Google account settings, here, and revoke access to the fake Google Docs app.

    While computer viruses are never fun to deal with, it’s certainly a reminder that — especially in a day and age where we are so reliant upon technology — we need to take a little bit of extra care before clicking on anything.

    NEW UPDATE 28/04/17 Current OUTBREAK ...Biosecurity alert: Tomato potato psyllid

    The Department of Agriculture WA says the exotic pest, Tomato Potato Pysllid can't be eradicated and will now be managed through a 12 month national plan that will see market restrictions of WA produce remain in place for the time being.

    Agriculture consultant, Peter Keating says growers will be heavily affected by this latest Tomato Potato Psyllid development, particularly strawberry producers who could lose millions of dollars.

    Western Australia producers of beef, lamb, pork and horticulture products - particularly avocados - should be looking to export to Hong Kong according to a industry expert who says its an excellent gateway to get their produce into China.

    An avocado grower in the Great Southern region of Western Australia has found the perfect home for his wasted produce and the charity, Foodbank is the winner.

    French farmers are pleading for help ahead of the country's election saying they want more support, less taxes and no Free Trade deal with Australia because they don't want to compete with Australian farmers.

    Virtual reality is being described as a 'game-changer' for the live export industry, particularly in being able to educate the general public about the live export trade.

    The Department of Agriculture in WA is also advising grain growers to plan their cropping programs carefully this year after their seasonal outlook for April to June predicts lower than usual rainfall. According to Dr David Ferris from DAFWA farmers will need to consider the timing of seeding, the best crops to grow and the right nutrient applications to ensure success this year.

    The National Rural Health Conference in Cairns has been looking at the successes and challenges facing the health profession in rural areas.

    A plan to build a pipe underneath the Ord River and gravity-feed water to the other side for a new irrigation development is in the early stages with a feasibility study about to start in Western Australia's far north.

    Western Australia's strawberry growers believe the new interstate fruit trade restrictions implemented because of the Tomato Potato Psyllid could cost their industry up to $80 million.

    The genome of Western Australia's second most important crop, barley, has been mapped for the first time and it's hoped the discovery will transform the crop into something that can cope with climate change and increase in value. Hear the story here

    (From March) Biosecurity alert: Tomato potato psyllid

    The Department of Agriculture and Food, WA (DAFWA) is working with the WA horticulture industry to respond to the detection of tomato potato psyllid, an exotic plant pest.

    Tomato potato psyllid attacks a range of plants including potato, tomato, eggplant, capsicum, chilli, and tamarillo, along with sweet potato. 

    The psyllid has been confirmed in the Perth metropolitan area in commercial and residential properties, and retail outlets. A small number of detections have been made outside of the metropolitan area including Gingin, Yarloop and Busselton.

    More information from DAFWA click here
     DOWNLOAD THE QUARANTINE AREA NOTICE HERE  effective from 4 March 2017
    Horticulture Innovation Australia says bringing seven plant
    RDCs together will boost biosecurity 
    See this link for audio

    Polyphenols are a group of plant-based chemicals that have at least one phenol group. One broad type of polyphenols are phenolic acids including red fruits, black radishes, onions, coffees, cereals and spices.The second broad group are the flavonoids, anthocyanidins found in berries and wine, flavones found in herbs, flavonols found in broccoli, tomato and tea, flavanones found in citrus fruits and juices, and flavan-3-ols found in cocoa, tea and wine. Finally, some famous ones don't fit into any class, including resveratrol and stilbenes from wine and nuts, curcumin in spices, and lignans in flax seeds.

    Polyphenols will improve your health in many ways:

        Lowering cholesterol
        Lowering blood pressure
        Found to reduce plaque in arteries
        Improve artery (endothelial) function
        Prevent platelet clumping
        Improve arterial flexibility
        Improved life span
        Improves your complexion
        Awesome anti-ageing effect around your facial tissue
        Greatly Improves energy and well-being
        Improved libido (sex drive)

    An Apple A Day Keeps the Doctor Away

    Based on the high procyanidin content of apples, which also contain a unique polyphenol known as phloridzin, modern science is now confirming the truth of this old adage. Yoko Akazome, PhD, chief researcher at the Fundamental Research Laboratory in Asahi Breweries, Ltd. in Japan, shared with Life Extension some of his recent research on apple polyphenols.

    In healthy volunteers, apple polyphenols not only lower blood cholesterol, but also inhibit triglyceride absorption,without any apparent ill-effects. Animal studies confirm the anti-obesity effect of apple polyphenols via beneficial effects on fat metabolism and insulin sensitivity.

    By combating high cholesterol and obesity, apple polyphenols are a good defense against heart disease and diabetes. A randomized, placebo-controlled study in 71 moderately overweight volunteers showed that those taking an apple polyphenol capsule for 12 weeks had reduction in central body fat covering the abdominal organs and improvements in fat metabolism, with no adverse effects.

    In addition, apple polyphenols have the potential to reduce allergic conditions46 by blocking the release of histamine (an irritating substance causing inflammation and itching) from the mast cells that mediate allergic reactions.

    Even better news is that these anti-allergic effects in the laboratory translate into clinical improvements in patients with atopic dermatitis, an allergic skin condition; and in persistent allergic rhinitis, or hayfever, based on the results of a rigorous, placebo-controlled study. Even in high doses, apple polyphenols have no toxic effects.

    Studies by other groups show that the anti-inflammatory and antioxidant qualities of apple polyphenols have a wide range of other health benefits, including protection of colon cells against free-radical damage that could cause cancer,5 prevention of bone loss in an experimental model of menopausal osteoporosis, decreased lipid oxidation, and cholesterol reduction. Population studies have linked increased consumption of apples with lower risk of some cancers, cardiovascular disease, asthma, and diabetes.

    Polyphenols: Healing Compounds From Nature’s Pharmacy

    The top 10 foods containing high concentrations of Polyphenol are:
        Star anise
        Cocoa powder
        Mexican oregano

        Dried celery seed
        Black chokeberry
        Dark chocolate
        Flaxseed meal
        Black elderberry

    Notable mentions also for, pomegranate, grapes, citrus's, rosemary, thyme, spearmint, capers, basil, curry, sage, blueberries, red wine, coffee and strawberries.

    The evidence for the heart benefits for foods rich in polyphenols comes from hundreds of studies. One example published last year was a large study in Europe reporting that a higher intake of polyphenols, particularly stilbenes from grapes and nuts and lignans (yes some are beneficial) from flax, was associated with a longer life span

    For those who require more scientific information on this matter. The path to your "enlightenment" about Polyphenols starts by clicking here  The Database URL:

    Ohta Y, Sami M, Kanda T, Saito K, Osada K, Kato H. Gene expression analysis of the anti-obesity effect by apple polyphenols in rats fed a high fat diet or a normal diet. J Oleo Sci. 2006;55(6):305-14. Ohta Y, Funayama M, Seino H, et al. Apple polyphenol improves lipid metabolism and insulin independence in obese rats. Nippon Shokuhin Kagaku Kogaku Kaishi. 2007;54(6):287-94.  Osada K, Suzuki T, Kawakami Y, et al. Dose-dependent hypocholesterolemic actions of dietary apple polyphenol in rats fed cholesterol. Lipids. 2006 Feb;41(2):133-9. Nagasako-Akazome Y, Kanda T, Ohtake Y, Shimasaki H, Kobayashi T. Apple polyphenols influence cholesterol metabolism in healthy subjects with relatively high body mass index. J Oleo Sci. 2007;56(8):417-28. Akiyama H, Sakushima J, Taniuchi S, et al. Antiallergic effect of apple polyphenols on the allergic model mouse. Biol Pharm Bull. 2000 Nov;23(11):1370-3. Kanda T, Akiyama H, Yanagida A, et al. Inhibitory effects of apple polyphenol on induced histamine release from RBL-2H3 cells and rat mast cells. Biosci Biotechnol Biochem. 1998 Jul;62(7):1284-9. Tokura T, Nakano N, Ito T, et al. Inhibitory effect of polyphenol-enriched apple extracts on mast cell degranulation in vitro targeting the binding between IgE and FcepsilonRI. Biosci Biotechnol Biochem. 2005 Oct;69(10):1974-7. Enomoto T, Nagasako-Akazome Y, Kanda T, Ikeda M, Dake Y. Clinical effects of apply polyphenols on persistent allergic rhinitis: A randomized double-blind placebo-controlled parallel arm study. J Investig Allergol Clin Immunol. 2006;16(5):283-9. Akazome Y. Characteristics and physiological functions of polyphenols from apples. Biofactors. 2004;22(1-4):311-4. Kojima T, Akiyama H, Sasai M, et al. Anti-allergic effect of apple polyphenol on patients with atopic dermatitis: A pilot study. Allergol Int. 2000:49(1):69-73. Schaefer S, Baum M, Eisenbrand G, Janzowski C. Modulation of oxidative cell damage by reconstituted mixtures of phenolic apple juice extracts in human colon cell lines. Mol Nutr Food Res. 2006 Apr;50(4-5):413-7. Puel C, Quintin A, Mathey J, et al. Prevention of bone loss by phloridzin, an apple polyphenol, in ovariectomized rats under inflammation conditions. Calcif Tissue Int. 2005 Nov;77(5):311-8. Boyer J, Liu RH. Apple phytochemicals and their health benefits. Nutr J. 2004 May 12;35

    Below is a list of the top 10 human medications most frequently ingested by pets. There's local numbers and links at the bottom of this page to emergency Veterinarian clinics. Please you them ASAP if you suspect your pet has poisoning from human medications.

    1. Topping the Top 10 list are common household medications called non-steroidal anti-inflammatories (NSAIDs), NSAIDs (e.g. Aspirin, ibuprofen (Nurofen) and diclofenac (Voltaren) are all different NSAIDs. Others include mefenamic acid, naproxen (Naprogesic), piroxicam, methyl salicylate, benzydamine and ketoprofen.) While these medications are safe for people, even one or two pills can cause serious harm to a pet. Dogs, cats, birds and other small mammals (ferrets, gerbils and hamsters) may develop serious stomach and intestinal ulcers as well as kidney failure.

    2. Acetaminophen(e.g. Panadol, Dymadon, Herron, Panamax,Tylenol)

      When it comes to pain medications, acetaminophen (e.g. Paracetamol) is certainly popular. Even though this drug is very safe, even for children, this is not true for pets—especially cats. One regular strength tablet of acetaminophen may cause damage to a cat’s red blood cells, limiting their ability to carry oxygen. In dogs, acetaminophen leads to liver failure and, in large doses, red blood cell damage.

    3. Antidepressants (e.g. Effexor, Cymbalta, Prozac, Lexapro)

      While these antidepressant drugs are occasionally used in pets, overdoses can lead to serious neurological problems such as sedation, incoordination, tremors and seizures. Some antidepressants also have a stimulant effect leading to a dangerously elevated heart rate, blood pressure and body temperature. Pets, especially cats, seem to enjoy the taste of Effexor and often eat the entire pill. Unfortunately, just one pill can cause serious poisoning.

    4. ADHD/ADD Medications (e.g. Concerta, Vyvanse, Ritalin)

      Medications used to treat Attention Deficit Disorder/Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder contain potent stimulants such as amphetamines and methylphenidate. Even minimal ingestions of these medications by pets can cause life-threatening tremors, seizures, elevated body temperatures and heart problems.

    5. Benzodiazepines and sleep aids (e.g. Xanax, Klonopin, Ambien, Lunesta)

      These medications are designed to reduce anxiety and help people sleep better. However, in pets, they may have the opposite effect. About half of the dogs who ingest sleep aids become agitated instead of sedate. In addition, these drugs may cause severe lethargy, incoordination (including walking “drunk”), and slowed breathing in pets. In cats, some forms of benzodiazepines can cause liver failure when ingested.

    6. Birth control (e.g. estrogen, estradiol, progesterone)

      Birth control pills often come in packages that dogs find irresistible. Thankfully, small ingestions of these medications typically do not cause trouble. However, large ingestions of estrogen and estradiol can cause bone marrow suppression, particularly in birds. Additionally, female pets that are intact (not spayed), are at an increased risk of side effects from estrogen poisoning.

    7. ACE Inhibitors (e.g. Zestril, Altace)

      Angiotensin-converting enzyme (or “ACE”) inhibitors are commonly used to treat high blood pressure in people and, occasionally, pets. Though overdoses can cause low blood pressure, dizziness and weakness, this category of medication is typically quite safe. Pets ingesting small amounts of this medication can potentially be monitored at home, unless they have kidney failure or heart disease. All heart medications should be kept out of reach of pets.

    8. Beta-Blockers (e.g. Sotalol , Solavert, Cardol )

      Beta-blockers are also used to treat high blood pressure but, unlike the ACE inhibitor, small ingestion's of these drugs may cause serious poisoning in pets. Overdoses can cause life-threatening decreases in blood pressure and a very slow heart rate.

    9. Thyroid hormones (e.g. Armour desiccated thyroid, Synthroid)

      Pets — especially dogs — get underactive thyroids too. Interestingly, the dose of thyroid hormone needed to treat dogs is much higher than a person’s dose. Therefore, if dogs accidentally get into thyroid hormones at home, it rarely results in problems. However, large acute overdoses in cats and dogs can cause muscle tremors, nervousness, panting, a rapid heart rate and aggression.

    10. Cholesterol lowering agents (e.g. Lipitor, Zocor, Crestor)

      These popular medications, often called “statins,” are commonly used in the United States. While pets do not typically get high cholesterol, they may still get into the pill bottle. Thankfully, most “statin” ingestions only cause mild vomiting or diarrhea. Serious side effects from these drugs come with long-term use, not one-time ingestions.

    Always keep medications safely out of reach and never administer a medication to a pet without first consulting your veterinarian.

    • Never leave loose pills in a plastic bags or easily accessed plastic containers – the plastic bags and containers are too easy to chew into. Make sure visiting house guests do the same, keeping their medications high up or out of reach.
    • If you place your medication in a weekly pill container, make sure to store the container in a cabinet out of reach of your pets. Unfortunately, if they get a hold of it, some pets might consider the pill container a plastic chew toy.
    • Never store your medications near your pet’s medications – Pet Poison Helpline frequently receives calls from concerned pet owners who inadvertently give their own medication to their pet.
    • Hang your purse up. Inquisitive pets will explore the contents of your bag and simply placing your purse up and out of reach can help to avoid exposure to any potentially dangerous medication(s).

    It is also important to note that while a medication may be safe for children, it may not be safe for animals. In fact, nearly 50% of all pet poisonings involve human drugs. Pets metabolize medications very differently from people. Even seemingly benign over-the-counter or herbal medications may cause serious poisoning in pets.

    If your pet has ingested a human over-the-counter or prescription medication, please call your veterinarian or Phone 13 11 26  all hours. If you have trouble speaking English phone 13 14 50 and the interpreter service will phone the poisons centre for you. 

    1300 040 400 Perth Vet Emergency
    9412 5700 Western Australian Veterinary Emergency and Specialty
    1300 652 494 Murdoch Pet Emergency Centre

    Pet First AidVet West in WA has written a great guide to all sorts of first aid procedures for pets, from splinting a broken limb to animal resuscitation.

    Here’s an alphabetized list of foods that are unsafe and unfit for canine consumption, many of which are toxic for dogs. We’ll be updating it and adding foods as we learn more. The ones in red italics are especially dangerous and often poisonous for canines.

    And be sure to look below this list for a helpful and sharable Infographic to print out and keep on your fridge.

    Alcohol – I’m sure you’ve heard of the birthday parties where the dog accidentally gets into some of the spilled keg beer, and then gets all silly to the amusement of the crowd. While it may be funny to you, it’s not funny to your dog. Alcohol can cause not only intoxication, lack of coordination, poor breathing, and abnormal acidity, but potentially even coma and/or death.

    Apple Seeds – The casing of apple seeds are toxic to a dog as they contain a natural chemical (amygdlin) that releases cyanide when digested. This is really only an issue if a large amount was eaten and the seed were chewed up by the dog, causing it to enter its blood stream. But to play it safe, be sure to core and seed apples before you feed them to your dog.

    Avocado – Avocados contain Persin, which can cause diarrhea, vomiting, and heart congestion.

    Baby Food – Baby food by itself isn’t terrible, just make sure it doesn’t contain any onion powder. Baby food also doesn’t contain all the nutrients a dog relies on for a healthy, well maintained diet.

    Cooked Bones – When it comes to bones, the danger is that cooked bones can easily splinter when chewed by your dog. Raw (uncooked) bones, however, are appropriate and good for both your dog’s nutritional and teeth.

    Candy and Chewing Gum – Not only does candy contain sugar, but it often contains Xylitol, which can lead to the over-release of insulin, kidney failure, and worse.

    Cat Food – Not that they would want this anyway, but cat food contains proteins and fats that are targeted at the diet of a cat, not a dog. The protein and fat levels in cat food are too high for your dog, and not healthy.

    Chocolate – You’ve probably heard this before, but chocolate is a definite no no for your pup. And it’s not just about caffeine, which is enough to harm your dog by itself, but theobromine and theophylline, which can be toxic, cause panting, vomiting, and diarrhea, and damage your dog’s heart and nervous systems.

    Citrus Oil Extracts – Can cause vomiting.

    Coffee – Not sure why you would give your dog coffee, but pretty much the same applies here as to chocolate. This is essentially poison for your dog if ingested.

    Corn on the Cob– This is a sure way to get your dog’s intestine blocked. The corn is digested, but the cob gets lodged in the small intestine, and if it’s not removed surgically, can prove fatal to your dog. Additionally, too much corn kernels can upset the digestive tract as well so be cautious to not feed too much.

    Fat Trimmings – Can cause pancreatitis.

    Fish – The primary fish that you need to be careful about are salmon and trout. Raw salmon can be fatal to dogs if the fish is infected with a certain parasite, Nanophyetus salmincola. The parasite itself isn’t dangerous to dogs, but is often infected with a bacteria called Neorickettsia helminthoeca, which in many cases is fatal to dogs if not treated properly. If diagnosis occurs early on, the dog has a great chance of recovering. Cooked salmon is fine as it kills the parasite.

    Garlic – While garlic can be okay for dogs in very small amounts (and even beneficial for flea treatment), larger amounts can be risky. Garlic is related to onions which is toxic for dogs so it may be best to just avoid it.

    Grapes and Raisins – This is one that lots of dog owners are unaware of. Grapes contain a toxin that can cause severe liver damage and kidney failure. We’ve heard stories of dogs dying from only a handful of grapes so do not feed your pup this toxic food.

    Hops – An ingredient in beer that can be toxic to your dog. The consumption of hops by your dog can cause panting, an increased heart rate, fever, seizures, and even death.

    Human Vitamins – Some human vitamins are okay to use, but the key is comparing the ingredients (all of them – active and inactive) to the vitamins your vet subscribes for your dog (often you can get the human equivalent for much less money). Make sure there’s no iron – iron can damage the digestive system lining, and prove poisonous for the liver and kidneys.

    Liver – In small amounts, liver is great but avoid feeding too much liver to your dog. Liver contains quite a bit of Vitamin A, which can adversely affect your pup’s muscles and bones.

    Macadamia Nuts – These contain a toxin that can inhibit locomotory activities, resulting in weakness, panting, swollen limbs, and tremors as well as possible damage to your dog’s digestive, nervous, and muscle systems.

    Marijuana – Not that you would pass the bong to your dog, but if you do, you should know that marijuana can adversely affect your pup’s nervous system and heart rate, and induce vomiting.

    Milk and Dairy Products – While small doses aren’t going to kill your dog, you could get some smelly farts and some nasty cases of diarrhea. Why? Dogs are lactose intolerant (as are an increasing number of humans today), and don’t have enough of the lactase enzyme to properly digest dairy foods. If you really need to give them dairy, look into lactose-free dairy products.

    Mushrooms – Just as the wrong mushroom can be fatal to humans, the same applies to dogs. Don’t mess with them.

    Onions and Chives – No matter what form they’re in (dry, raw, cooked, powder, within other foods), onions are some of the absolute worst foods you could possibly give your pup (it’s poisonous for dogs, and its even worse for cats). They contain disulfides and sulfoxides (thiosulphate), both of which can cause anemia and damage red blood cells.

    Persimmons, Peaches and Plums – Peach pits are not only a choke hazard they contain amygdalin, a cyanide and sugar compound that degrades into hydrogen cyanide (HCN) when metabolized. Pear seeds also contain trace amount of arsenic and are dangerous. So if you live in an area that is home to persimmon, peach, or plum trees, look out. Persimmon seeds and peach and plum pits can cause intestinal obstruction and enteritis. You’ll want to make sure there aren’t any wild persimmon or other fruit trees that produce seeds growing in your backyard. If you notice your dog pooping all over the place, and see a bunch of seeds or pits in their waste, you’ll need to break out the saw and chop down some trees.

    Rhubarb and Tomato Leaves – These contain oxalates, which can adversely affect the digestive, nervous, and urinary systems.

    Raw Fish – Another vitamin B (Thiamine) deficiency can result from the regular consumption of raw fish. Loss of appetite will be common, followed by seizures, and in rare instances, death.

    Salt – Just like salt isn’t the healthiest thing for humans, it’s even less healthy for dogs. Too much of it can lead to an imbalance in electrolyte levels, dehydration and potentially diarrhea.

    Spices containing Capsaicin – Capsaicin, found in chili powder, paprika, and just about any other pepper (bell, chili, etc.), is an irritant for mammals of all shape and size.

    String – While not a food itself, foods can often contain or be similar to string (ie. meat you’ve wrapped for the oven). If your dog were to eat a string, it could get stuck in their digestive tract and cause complications.

    Sugar – This applies to any food containing sugar. Make sure you check the ingredient label for human foods – corn syrup (which is a less expensive form of sugar or glucose) is found in just about everything these days. Too much sugar for your pup can lead to dental issues, obesity, and even diabetes.

    Tobacco – A major toxic hazard for dogs (and humans). The effects nicotine has on dogs are far worse than on humans. Nicotine can damage your pup’s digestive and nervous systems, increase their heart rate, make them pass out, and ultimately result in death.

    Xylitol – A sugar alcohol found in gum, candies, baked goods, and other sugar-substituted items, Xylitol, while causing no apparent harm to humans, is extremely toxic to dogs. Even small amounts can cause low blood sugar, seizures, liver failure, even death for your pup.

    Yeast (on its own or in dough) – Just like yeast rises in bread, it will also expand and rise within your pup’s tummy. Make sure they don’t get any. While mild cases will cause gas, lots of farting, and discomfort – too much of it could rupture their stomach and intestines.

    Perth Eastern Hills, Morangup, Toodyay, Northam and Avon. Recommendations for plantings around Fire Prone Properties, Homes and Buildings (Consult local authorities for tree and shrub setbacks from buildings/out buildings)

    Fire Resistant Plants. Resistant under continual flame in a Bushfire:

    Atriplex cinerea Coast Saltbush

    Maireana oppositifolia Heathy Bluebush

    Atriplex leptocarpa Slender-fruit Saltbush

    Maireana pentagona Hairy Bluebush

    Atriplex limbata Spreading Saltbush

    Maireana pentatropis Erect Bluebush

    Atriplex lindleyi Flat-top Saltbush

    Maireana pyramidata Sago Bush

    Atriplex nummularia Old-man Saltbush

    Maireana radiata Radiant Bluebush

    Atriplex rhagodioides Silver Saltbush

    Maireana rohrlachii Rohrlach’s Bluebush

    Atriplex semibaccata Berry Saltbush

    Maireana sedifolia Pearl Bluebush

    Atriplex vesicaria Bladder Saltbush

    Maireana turbinata Satiny Bluebush

    Carpobrotus glaucescens Bluish Pigface

    Melia azedarach White Cedar

    Carpobrotus modestus Inland Pigface

    Mimulus repens Creeping Monkey-flower

    Carpobrotus rossii Karkalla

    Myoporum insulare Common Boobialla

    Carpobrotus virescens Pigface

    Myoporum parvifolium Creeping Myoporum

    Chenopodium desertorum Frosted Goosefoot

    Rhagodia candolleana Seaberry Saltbush

    Disphyma crassifolium

    ssp clavellatum Rounded Noon-flower

    Rhagodia crassifolia Fleshy Saltbush

    Einadia hastata Saloop

    Rhagodia parabolica Fragrant Saltbush

    Einadia nutans ssp nutans Nodding Saltbush

    Rhagodia spinescens Hedge Saltbush

    Enchylaena tomentosa Ruby Saltbush

    Sarcozona praecox Sarcozona

    Eremophila debilis Creeping Emu-bush

    Scaevola calendulacea Dune Fan-flower

    Hakea salicifolia Willow-leaved hakea

    Maireana brevifolia Short-leaf Bluebush

    Scaevola hookeri Creeping Fan-flower

    Maireana decalvans Black Cotton-bush

    Sclerolaena diacantha Grey Copperburr

    Maireana enchylaenoides Wingless Bluebush

    Sclerolaena spp All Copperburrs

    Maireana erioclada Rosy Bluebush

    Selliera radicans Shiny Swamp-mat

    Maireana excavata Bottle Bluebush

    Zygophyllum apiculatum Pointed Twin-leaf

    Maireana georgei Slit-wing Bluebush

    Zygophyllum billardierei Coast Twin-leaf

    Maireana microphylla Small-leaf Bluebush

    Zygophyllum spp All Twin-leaf plants


    Fire Retardant Plants. Plants that may burn once dried out (will survive first attack):

    Acacia acinacea Gold-dust Wattle

    Cheilanthes austrotenuifolia Green Rock-fern

    Acacia argyrophylla Silver Mulga

    Cheilanthes sieberi Narrow Rock-fern

    Acacia baileyana Cootamundra Wattle

    Coprosma hirtella Rough Coprosma

    Acacia binervia Coast Myall

    Corymbia maculata Spotted Gum

    Acacia brachybotrya Grey Mulga

    Cyathea australis Rough Tree-fern

    Acacia buxifolia Box-leaf Wattle

    Derwentia derwentiana Derwent Speedwell

    Acacia caerulescens Limestone Blue Wattle

    Dianella brevicaulis Small-flower Flax-lily

    Acacia cardiophylla Wyalong Wattle

    Dianella callicarpa Swamp Flax-lily

    Acacia cultriformis Knife-leaf Wattle

    Dianella longifolia Pale Flax-lily

    Acacia Cyclops Western Coastal Wattle

    Dianella revoluta Black-anther Flax-lily

    Acacia dealbata Silver Wattle

    Dianella tarda Late-flower Flax-lily

    Acacia deanei Deane’s Wattle

    Dianella tasmanica Tasman Flax-lily

    Acacia decora Western Silver Wattle

    Dichondra repens Kidney-weed

    Acacia decurrens Early Black-wattle

    Doodia aspera Prickly Rasp-fern

    Acacia elata Cedar Wattle

    Doodia australis Common Rasp-fern

    Acacia farinosa Mealy Wattle

    Eremophila deserti Waterbush

    Acacia fimbriata Fringed Wattle

    Eremophila saligna White Emu-bush

    Acacia floribunda White Sallow-wattle

    Eremophila santalina Sandalwood Emu-bush

    Acacia glandulicarpa Hairy-pod Wattle

    Ficus macrophylla Moreton Bay Fig

    Acacia howittii Sticky Wattle

    Ficus rubiginosa Rusty Fig

    Acacia implexa Lightwood

    Frankenia pauciflora Southern Sea-heath

    Acacia iteaphylla Flinders Range Wattle

    Grevillea nudiflora Leafless-flowered Grevillea

    Acacia kettlewelliae Buffalo Wattle

    Hymenosporum flavum Native Frangipani

    Acacia ligulata Small Cooba

    Lagunaria patersoni Lord Howe Island Hibiscus

    Acacia mearnsii Black Wattle

    Lasiopetalum macrophyllum Shrubby Velvet-bush

    Acacia melanoxylon Blackwood

    Lasiopetalum schulzenii Drooping Velvet-bush

    Acacia microcarpa Manna Wattle

    Myoporum acuminatum Boobialla

    Acacia nano-dealbata Dwarf Silver Wattle

    Myoporum bateae Pink Boobialla

    Acacia obliquinervia Mountain Hickory Wattle

    Myoporum montanum Waterbush

    Acacia oswaldii Umbrella Wattle

    Myoporum petiolatum Sticky Boobialla

    Acacia pendula Weeping Myall

    Myoporum platycarpum Sugarwood

    Acacia penninervis Hickory Wattle

    Myoporum velutinum Woolly Boobialla

    Acacia podalyriifolia Queensland Silver Wattle

    Pittosporum angustifolium Weeping Pittosporum

    Acacia pravissima Ovens Wattle

    Pittosporum bicolor Banyalla

    Acacia prominens Gosford or Golden Rain Wattle

    Pittosporum phylliraeoides Butterbush

    Acacia salicina Willow Wattle

    Pittosporum revolutum Rough-fruit Pittosporum

    Acacia saligna Golden Wreathe Wattle

    Pittosporum undulatum Sweet Pittosporum

    Acacia stenophylla Eumong

    Scleranthus biflorus Twin-flower Knawel

    Acacia terminalis Sunshine Wattle

    Senecio odoratus Scented Groundsel

    Acacia vestita Hairy Wattle

    Senecio pinnatifolius Variable Groundsel

    Ajuga australis Austral Bugle

    Solanum aviculare Kangaroo Apple

    Alectryon oleifolius ssp canescens Cattle Bush

    Solanum esuriale Quena

    Alyxia buxifolia Sea Box

    olanum laciniatum Large Kangaroo Apple

    Angophora costata Smooth-barked Apple

    Solanum simile Oondoroo

    Brachychiton populneus Kurrajong

    Syzigium (Acmena) smithii Lilly Pilly

    Bursaria spinosa Sweet Bursaria

    Viola hederacea Ivy-leaf Viole

    More plant info here



    To start a local loop click here
    Knitting Nannas on facebook
    Knitting-nannas Webpage

    How to Start your very own Loop of Knitting Nannas

    Get a friend or more, get needles, crochet hooks etc and find a good place for a knit-in. We generally use yellow and black yarn, from the Lock the Gate triangles, but you can choose any colour that suits your particular beef.  Generally, if it's your MP's office, send them a letter asking them their stand on your local problem (gas/coal mining, pollution, etc) and maybe have a meeting with the MP.  Gently threaten them with knit-ins, and offer them the names of their colleagues suffering from aggravated Nannas.  If it's a mining company etc, send them a letter saying you don't like what they're doing and start your knit-in.  Protest and satire are not yet completely illegal.  Make sure pedestrian traffic is not obstructed - that is the one thing they can throw at you.  Nannas are nice, non-violent and their knit-ins/protest is non-negotiable.  Always be polite, a little cheeky or flirtatious.  If you are asked to remove moustaches or mankinis you've added to their shopfront window, do so and clean up after yourself.  

    You may also find yourself cleaning up after other disaffected citizens.  Cranky and abusive people need to be shepherded away, and Nannas reminded if they get a little het up.  Follow the Nannafesto, look after other protesters and above all, have a lot of fun.  Knitting etc is a great front for plotting.

    Viva la Nannalution!


    FAIR Knitting Nannas (Fracking Awareness Irwin Region)

    Contact Lynette Sunderland, 0417947801


    Knitting Nannas Against Gas – Perth Loop, Western Australia

    Maria Niermann


    Knitting Nannas Mandurah Loop


    KNAG Geraldton Loop in Midwest WA 

     Lisa Smith 
    0408 914 090

    Any questions - go for it at

    Carelessly discarded cigarette butts are a frequent cause of fires.

    Over seven billion cigarette butts are discarded across Australia every year.

    Litter counts conducted by Keep Australia Beautiful show cigarette butts to be the most frequently recorded type of litter in Western Australia.

    You can help reduce the likelihood of destructive bushfires by disposing of your cigarette butts responsibly and making sure others do the same.

    Make sure your butt is fully extinguished before disposing of it and remember to never throw your cigarette butt from a moving car.

    Careless disposal of a cigarette butt can also be very costly attracting a fine of up to $500 for an individual.

    If you see someone carelessly dispose of a cigarette you can report the offence to Keep Australia Beautiful WA (KAB).

    To become a registered Litter Reporter visit the Keep Australia Beautiful WA website at and complete the online registration form. Once registered, access the reporting form to submit a litter report.

    Take action

    If you witness an offense take note of the following important information:

    • vehicle registration;
    • make and model of the vehicle;
    • a detailed description of the offender;
    • time and place that the offence was committed; and
    • a description of the litter that was dropped.

    To report littering, you can log on to the Keep Australia Beautiful report card system at or phone 1300 766 541.

    The information you provide is verified by the Department of Transport and will normally result in the issue of an infringement notice to the offender. You may, on rare occasions, be required to attend a Magistrate’s court to provide evidence should the offence be disputed.

    Penalties for careless cigarette disposal and littering have increased.

    • Cigarette butt littering fines have increased for individuals to  $200 and $500.00 for lit butts. A fine of  $1000 applies for corporations (businesses).
    • A new littering category called “Littering that creates a public risk’ attracts an infringement penalty of $500 for individuals and $2000 for corporations. This includes the littering of lit cigarettes.
    • During a Total Fire Ban - During a Total Fire Ban (TFB), any person who disposes of burning tobacco, or a burning cigarette, cigar or match in circumstances that is likely to set fire to the bush; including by throwing it from a vehicle, could face a fine of $25,000 and/or 12 months in jail.

    Related documents

    Contact the Department of Foreign Affairs

    Consular services 24-hour consular emergency helpline
    • Within Australia: 1300 555 135
    • Outside Australia: +61 2 6261 3305
    • SMS: +61 421 269 080
    • Getting help overseas
    Passports Australian Passport Information Service
    • 131 232
    • 8am–9pm Monday-Friday
      8:30am–5pm Weekends
      Closed national public holidays
    DFAT head office in Canberra Address

    R.G. Casey Building
    John McEwen Crescent
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    Is this the answer ?
    How to Stop Hating Everyone

    If you’ve had a really bad experience then it may seem as if the whole world is a terrible place or that all human beings are just evil. Human nature doesn’t always produce virtuous results and screaming “I hate people” is an understandable reaction which may help you to release anger.

    But it’s not an enlightened response in the long run. Detesting the entire human race may result in a loss of self-control that enslaves you to anger, creating negative emotions within your interior world and prejudicing you against the possibility of better experiences in future.

    My aim is not to persuade you that everyone is great or to deny any negative experiences that you have endured. But I do think it’s worth being careful about which conclusions need to be drawn from such experiences. Here are 12 ways to gradually learn how to stop hating everyone.

    1. Allow yourself to recover and slowly come to terms

    Hatred of humans is best viewed as a “symptom” of having been through a shocking learning experience that may take some time to fully process. The way forward may be to allow yourself to recover from what you have survived rather than finalising any drastic conclusions at this stage.

    “It takes time to heal and learn all the right lessons”

    Some people undoubtedly behave extremely ignorantly and inconsiderately in certain situations. But the immediate solution is to focus on doing what it takes to look after yourself and to move on from a bad situation rather than punishing yourself with despair about the entire species.

    2. Accept that you can’t actually “know people”

    Strictly speaking, there’s no such thing as “people” or “what people are like”. There are billions of different kinds of people on the planet including different generations, cultures, subcultures and communities. No two individuals are entirely alike and that variety offers much hope.

    “Maybe I’ve just been focusing on the wrong crowd”

    One of the amazing things about the modern age is that you’re not usually stuck with only one tribe for life. You have the freedom to find out which kinds of individuals, communities and environments are good for you and to actively seek them out. It can take time to find the right people for you.

    3. Notice that most human beings can’t help their limitations

    When people behave inexcusably, it’s easy to get carried away by unrealistic notions about their potential or to imagine that they somehow “could” or “should” know better. But sometimes it makes more sense to accept their natural limitations and the role of cluelessness in their behaviour.

    It’s a stupid world out there in so many ways. When people can’t even see when and why what they’re doing is wrong they are lacking in empathy and self-awareness. They “just don’t get it” and can’t help the way they think. The answer is never to demand reasonable behaviour from fools.

    “Some people have no idea what they’re even like”

    It may be unrealistic to hold people strictly responsible when their own ethical awareness is too hazy to be relied upon for any real clarity. Without the right influences and key formative experiences, it may be unnatural for them to develop the habit of truly considering the impact of their own actions.

    Consider the example of a baby, the most blameless kind of human being yet clearly very “selfish” since it only ever cares about its own needs and only sees others in terms of what it can get from them. In a psychiatrist’s chair, a baby might reasonably be diagnosed as the equivalent of a sociopath.

    Some people never fully grow out of that same state of ethical immaturity but there is a kind of innocence in their failure to develop responsibility. And so whenever you judge someone as “evil”, part of what you are dealing with is a lack of mature awareness that is essentially infantile in nature.

    4. Take responsibility for improving how you deal with people

    The more you balance a negative view of human beings with some responsibility for learning how to deal with them the easier it becomes to avoid getting angry about their natural limitations. Some people are much easier to get on with when you learn how to push the right buttons.

    “I’m willing to gradually learn how to bring out the best in people”

    Part of the solution is giving up expectations and thinking about the world more as a kind of marketplace. There’s nothing wrong with wanting something from people but sometimes it makes sense to think about what you can offer in order to make it worth their while to do that for you.

    Another way to look at dealing with people is to see it as a kind of game. Everyone has different rules and playing the game involves figuring out what their rules are – even if they are quite silly – and going along with them. It’s not always worth playing someone’s game or taking it too seriously.

    5. Develop a more balanced picture of how human beings are

    Anger can mess with your mind. If you spend all your time focusing on what’s wrong with human beings through a kind of mental microscope then the overall picture will look very negative. But it’s a kind of optical illusion that results from narrowing your focus too selectively. The reality is:

    “Most people are a mix of good, bad and weird”

    The same is true of societies a few of which have been evil in some ways but many of which have made enormous strides to improve the welfare of disadvantaged citizens. It takes humanity centuries to develop awareness and make progress in some areas but it tends to get there in the end.

    Rather than concerning yourself with that, it’s enough simply to find a few people who are good for you. When you spend enough time focusing on them, your perspective will naturally change and become more positive. Not everyone can be good for you but they may be good for other people.

    6. Accept that anger has a tendency to generalise itself

    Believing that everyone is awful is an entirely understandable reaction to challenging or traumatic events. But it’s an expression of anger or suffering rather than a carefully thought out, weighed up and balanced assessment of reality. It’s just “how the anger feels” right now.

    “I don’t have to blame complete strangers for what someone else did”

    You may not have to take out your anger against the entire human race and “throw out the baby with the bathwater”. Some people become racists after being mistreated by someone from a particular racial group. It’s not exactly the same but their conclusion is similarly overgeneralised.

    Maybe the reason that happens is because anger is like a virus that can easily spread out of control within your emotional world. It’s worth doing whatever you can to contain, limit and moderate it for the sake of achieving peace of mind. Refusing to get carried away by generalisations helps.

    7. Gradually replace hatred with healthy scepticism

    You don’t have to be a “fan” of the human race or naively love and trust everyone you meet. But hatred is on the other end of the emotional spectrum and equally unnecessary. Even when you acknowledge what isn’t good you can renounce it peacefully without losing your self-control.

    “Avoiding extremes helps me achieve the right balance”

    Moving beyond an “all or nothing” perspective can allow you to proceed optimistically but carefully. Everything will be okay as long as you accept that people can be deeply flawed and that success with them requires caution, patience, realism, flexibility, diplomacy, assertiveness and careful selection.

    For example, it may be necessary to help someone learn about your boundaries by briefly explaining how you felt and what would help you without resorting to personal criticism. Rather than immediately judging them, standing up for yourself calmly but firmly will often make things better.

    8. Start to observe humans in a more detached way

    You may tell yourself that you are looking down at people but by hating them you are actually looking up to them by giving them too much importance. Without necessarily realising it, you are putting them on a pedestal in order for it to be possible for them to have that much power over you.

    Instead of looking “up to” people, “down at” people or looking “to” them for anything, you could look “at” them from a distance. Your relationship could sometimes be like watching animals in the wild: not needing anything but allowing their nature to be what it is and calmly observing.

    “There is a kind of innocence in everything people do”

    Consider the example of a cat. One could look at the way it treats mice and say that it is “evil”. But focusing on its cruel side overlooks the fact that the cat is still cute, fluffy and loveable in spite of being naturally incapable of empathy and blamelessly unaware of the true significance of ethics.

    A cat has no choice but to behave in the way it does and so there’s no need to judge its shortcomings. Many people are similar because they have not spent enough time developing the kind of genuine moral awareness that would significantly differentiate them from some animals.

    Even when people “know what they are doing”, there is so much more that they do not know and cannot see. They have no idea what they are missing in terms of empathy, emotional education, key ethically formative experiences, true self-awareness, self-detachment or even sanity in some cases.

    9. Accept that it’s not worth needing anything from most people

    Misanthropy is a clear sign of frustration and feeling that your needs have not been met. Part of the solution may be learning how to look after your needs and how to meet them more effectively. But it’s also important not to confuse your needs with other people’s responsibility:

    “I may have been barking up the wrong tree”

    Sometimes the answer is to lower your expectations and to accept that what you are looking for may not be realistic for many people. If your rule is “Unless you do what I want then you’re awful” then most people will seem “awful” when in reality they simply aren’t as great as you would prefer.

    It’s not worth needing anything from the wrong people but imagine if you eventually found everything you wanted from life. Would it still be worth hating anyone who let you down in the past? Your attitude would probably become more laid-back and this is why looking after your needs is vital.

    10. View hatred as a form of unnecessary emotional dependency

    A good question might be: does my happiness really have to depend on a particular overall picture of what people are like? After all, you could have great people around you and still feel unhappy or awful people around you and actually feel happy. And so, in the long term, it’s better to conclude:

    “I can be happy in spite of the way some people are”

    It does not have to be your job to take on the burden of all the problems of the world or its people. As long as you are willing to live in a responsible way, you don’t have to feel bad just because someone else behaves like a complete douche-bag. Be glad that you are not responsible for their actions.

    11. Develop a healthy disinterest in the vast majority of people

    Even if only 1% of the human race were kind, tolerant and open-minded, in a planet of over 7 billion people this would mean that must be at least 70 million kind, tolerant and open-minded people. That is far more amazing people than you could ever get to know in your lifetime.

    Rather than taking an interest in the whole human race, view it merely as a “pool” from which you can pick out those individuals who are good for you. Go for “quality over quantity”, forget about anyone who let you down and the issue of what most people are like will fade away.

    “Reach out for what makes you happy rather than holding onto what hurts”1

    Most people aren’t worth bothering with or being bothered about. Needing to have a relationship with them is a sign of being too involved. You can develop a healthy disinterest in them by doing what it takes to change your focus. Your “world” will eventually consist only of whoever you focus on.

    Imagine if you were in a forest looking for berries to eat. Even if the majority were foul-tasting or slightly toxic, there would be no need to eat those ones or believe that they “need to change”. There may be fewer delicious or tasty berries but they are the only kind you will ever need.

    12. Consider whether you can truly love yourself

    Most people do not really want to hate everyone even if bad experiences have understandably left them in a state of despair. They can gradually recover by becoming more selective but also open to learning about how to deal with people’s limitations in an effective, understanding and assertive way.

    However, there are some individuals who are “determined to hate” in the sense that hatred becomes part of their whole identity. Even when they meet people who surprise them with kindness, they still react negatively because hatred has become part of a general outlook to which they feel committed.

    It’s no coincidence that these “haters” have a very harsh relationship with themselves. Many of them were also raised by a deeply neglectful or even abusive parent. It’s normal to be hateful when that is how you were treated and how you are used to dealing with yourself but this is what holds you back:

    “You can never learn to love yourself if you insist on hating everyone else”

    The problem with hating all humans is that you are also human. You too make mistakes and are just as much in need of forgiveness as many of the strangers you condemn. Eventually, the mental mirror that says “I am the only person who is okay and deserves a break” is bound to develop a few glaring cracks.

    In some cases, people identify with hatred as a way of boosting their self-esteem. Telling themselves that everyone else is awful and to blame for everything gives them a consoling feeling of judgmental superiority. Such grandiosity provides a short term “fix” but adds to a long term sense of emptiness.

    You are unlikely to develop a healthy relationship with yourself if hatred is the whole lens through which you view misfortune. You aren’t really all that different to everyone else. And so if you want to be gentle and forgiving towards yourself then you need to occasionally do the same for others.

    In conclusion

    Planet Earth can seem like a dark place but this is a reason to let the sunshine in. When you focus only on what is negative and commit to the most despairing conclusions about people your outlook naturally becomes too dark so it’s good to balance that with positive focus and mature realisations.

    “The last thing this world needs is another hater”

    Hatred is a waste of time and energy. By making a commitment to work on your happiness rather than focus on what some people are like you will increasingly feel better about the world. There is always a space in which you can gradually let go of the past, grow in positivity and cultivate inner peace.

    It may take time and more learning but, at some point in future, if anyone asks “So do you still hate human beings?” your answer will probably be along the lines of “Oh I don’t know, I don’t really think about that anymore. I guess I know some people who are okay”.

    Find peace within yourself,  joy in your surrounds and love in heart.

    Morangup Properties Sold 

    (prices quoted are the listed price, not the final sale price)


    2 Ha

    Last Advertised Price : October 2016
    Historical Prices:

        October 2016 $499,000
        October 2015 Under Contract
        September 2015 $430,000
        August 2015 $430,000
        June 2015 $499,000
        June 2015 $430,000
        October 2014 $499,000
        September 2014 $499,000
        August 2014 $499,000
        April 2014$499,000
        March 2014$499,000
        January 2014$499,000
        December 2013$499,000
        January 2011$525,000
        December 2010 $525,000


    10 Ha

    Last Advertised Price : October 2016
    Historical Prices:

        October 2016$399,000
        June 2015$399,000
        March 2014$399,000
        December 2013$399,000
        September 2012$279,000 Under Offer
        September 2012$279,000
        June 2012$279,000 New


    101171.5 m2

    Last Advertised Price : October 2016
    Historical Prices:

        October 2016 $260,000
        July 2015 $312,000
        June 2015 $312,000
        December 2014 $350,000
        October 2014 $350,000
        July 2014 $350,000


    5 Acres

    Last Advertised : October 2016
    Historical Prices:

        October 2016 Under Offer
        June 2015 $195,000
        September 2014 $215,000
        April 2013 $260,000
        February 2013 Contact
        June 2012 $300,000


    Last Advertised Price : October 2016
    Historical Price:

        October 2016 $690,000


    Last Advertised Price : October 2016
    $999,000 PRICE SLASHED
    Historical Prices:

        October 2016 $999,000 PRICE SLASHED
        September 2016 $1,100,000 Negotiable


    Last Advertised Price : October 2016
    Historical Prices:

        October 2016 $599,000
        October 2009 $695,000


    Last Advertised Price : October 2016
    Historical Prices:

        October 2016 $499,000
        December 2012 $499,000
        December 2011 $499,000
        September 2011 $499,000
        August 2011 $499,000
        June 2011 $539,000


    101172 sqm

    Last Advertised Price : October 2016
    Historical Prices:

        October 2016 $559,000
        June 2013 $590,000 SOLD
        June 2013 $590,000
        May 2013 $590,000
        May 2013 Under Offer
        April 2013 $590,000
        February 2013 $599,000 - $630,000
        January 2013 $649,500

    Last Advertised Price : October 2016
    $699,000 From
    Historical Prices:

        October 2016 $699,000 From
        September 2010 $649,000
        July 2010 $649,000

    Last Advertised Price : October 2016
    Historical Prices:

        October 2016 $439,000
        October 2016 $399,900



    Last Advertised Price : October 2016
    $599,000 From
    Historical Prices:

        October 2016 $599,000 From
        September 2016 $599,000 From
        March 2016 $649,000 From
        November 2013 $750,000
        February 2013 $750,000
        December 2012 $750,000

    Last Advertised Price : September 2016
    $649,000 From
    Historical Prices:

        September 2016$649,000 From
        September 2016Under Offer
        August 2016$649,000 From
        May 2016$649,000 From
        April 2016$649,000 From
        December 2015$669,000 From
        October 2015$695,000
        October 2015$669,000 From
        July 2015$695,000


    Last Advertised Price : September 2016
    Historical Price:

        September 2016$195,000


    Last Advertised Price : August 2016
    $449,000 From
    Historical Prices:

        August 2016$449,000 From
        July 2016$449,000 From

    Last Advertised Price : August 2016
    $900,000 Offers
    Historical Prices:

        August 2016$900,000 Offers
        July 2016$900,000 Offers
        March 2016$900,000 Offers


    Last Advertised Price : July 2016
    Historical Prices:

        July 2016$549,000
        July 2016Under Offer
        December 2015$559,000 - $579,000
        August 2015$559,000 - $579,000
        June 2015$579,000
        May 2015$579,000
        January 2015$595,000
        December 2014$595,000
        September 2014$595,000
        August 2014$595,000
        March 2014$647,000
        January 2014$650,000
        October 2013$665,000

    35 Acres

    Last Advertised Price : June 2016
    Historical Prices:

        June 2016$475,000
        June 2015$475,000
        July 2014$499,000
        November 2013$520,000
        October 2013$535,000
        September 2013$535,000


    Last Advertised Price : June 2016
    $599,000 From
    Historical Prices:

        June 2016$599,000 From
        July 2013$695,000
        March 2009$645,000 New
        January 2009$645,000
        January 2008$760,000
        October 2007$760,000
        September 2007$760,000


    Last Advertised Price : June 2016
    $599,000 From
    Historical Price:

        June 2016$599,000 From


    2350000 sqm

    Last Advertised Price : March 2016
    Historical Price:

        March 2016 $990,000


    Last Advertised Price : March 2016
    $549,000 From
    Historical Prices:

        March 2016 $549,000 From
        February 2016 $549,000 From
        December 2015 $570,000
        December 2015 $570,000 Price Reduced
        October 2015 $570,000


    Last Advertised : February 2016
    Historical Prices:

        February 2016 Under Contract
        August 2015 $449,000
        June 2015 $449,000
        August 2011 $519,000
        April 2011 $529,000
        March 2011 $529,000
        January 2011 $529,000
        December 2010 $529,000
        November 2010  $529,000
        October 2010  $549,000



    Last Advertised Price : February 2016
    $649,000 From
    Historical Prices:

        February 2016 $649,000 From
        October 2015 $735,000
        July 2015 $735,000
        December 2014 $750,000 From



    Last Advertised : January 2016
    Historical Price:

        January 2016 Under Contract


    Last Advertised Price : December 2015
    Historical Price:

        December 2015$900,000


    20235 sqm
    Last Advertised Price : November 2015
    Historical Prices:

        November 2015 $699,000
        August 2015 $699,000
        June 2015 $699,000


    21.62 ha
    Last Advertised Price : October 2015
    Historical Prices:

        October 2015 $795,000
        April 2015 $795,000
        March 2015 $795,000
        February 2015 $795,000
        December 2014$795,000
        October 2014$850,000
        September 2014$850,000
        March 2014$850,000
        January 2014$850,000
        July 2013 $895,000 Offers
        December 2012 $895,000 From


    Last Advertised Price : October 2015
    Historical Price:

        October 2015 $679,000


    Last Advertised Price : September 2015
    Historical Prices:

        September 2015 $945,000
        August 2015 $945,000
        June 2015 $945,000
        December 2009 $775,000



    Last Advertised : September 2015
    Historical Prices:

        September 2015Under Contract
        August 2015Under Contract
        August 2015$280,000
        June 2015$280,000
        February 2015$285,000
        November 2014$285,000



    Last Advertised Price : August 2015
    $449,000 From
    Historical Prices:

        September 2015 $449,000 From
        June 2015 $449,000 From



    Last Advertised Price : August 2015
    $200,000 From
    Historical Prices:

        August 2015 $200,000 From
        June 2015 Make An Offer
        May 2015 Make An Offer


    323748.5 Acres

    Rural / Farm
    Last Advertised Price : July 2015
    Historical Price:

        July 2015$525,000

    Last Advertised Price : June 2015
    Historical Prices:

        June 2015$549,000
        May 2012$499,000 SOLD
        May 2012$499,000 From
        April 2012$549,000
        March 2012$514,000
        December 2011$549,000
        September 2011$609,000
        January 2009$595,000
        August 2008$595,000 New

    Last Advertised Price : May 2015
    Historical Prices:

        May 2015$399,000
        October 2012$399,000
        September 2012$399,000
        July 2012$399,000
        January 2010$465,000

    22 Ha (54.36 Acres) approx.

    Last Advertised Price : April 2015
    Historical Prices:

        April 2015$795,000
        May 2011$995,000 - $1,045,000
        April 2011$995,000 - $1,045,000
        December 2010$1,095,000

    Last Advertised Price : February 2015
    Historical Prices:

        February 2015$539,000
        January 2015$539,000
        December 2014$539,000

    27 Acres

    Last Advertised Price : January 2015
    Historical Prices:

        January 2015$675,000
        September 2014$675,000

    20234 sqm

    Last Advertised Price : January 2015
    $545,000 From
    Historical Prices:

        January 2015$545,000 From
        December 2014$525,000
        November 2014$525,000

    22 acres (approx)

    Last Advertised Price : December 2014
    Historical Prices:

        December 2014$525,000
        August 2013$525,000
        July 2013$525,000
        June 2013$465,000 - $499,000
        June 2013Under Offer
        November 2012$525,000
        July 2012$595,000
        June 2012$595,000

    Last Advertised Price : December 2014
    Historical Price:

        December 2014$619,000


    20234 sqm

    Last Advertised Price : November 2014
    Historical Prices:

        November 2014$239,000
        October 2014$239,000
        July 2014$249,000

    Last Advertised : October 2014
    Historical Prices:

        October 2014Under Offer
        September 2014Under Offer
        September 2014$285,000 Under Offer
        February 2014$595,000
        January 2014Under Offer
        February 2013$599,000 Under Offer
        February 2013$524,900
        February 2013$599,000
        January 2013$524,900
        September 2012$625,000
        January 2011$700,000 - $750,000
        December 2010$700,000 - $750,000
        August 2010$725,000
        August 2010$645,000
        August 2010$774,000
        February 2010$785,000 New
        November 2009$595,000 New


    Last Advertised Price : September 2014
    Historical Prices:

        September 2014$990,000
        March 2014$990,000
        March 2013$990,000
        February 2013Contact


    Last Advertised : August 2014
    Historical Price:

        September 2014Under Offer

    25 Acres

    Last Advertised Price : August 2014
    $575,000 - $595,000
    Historical Prices:

        August 2014$575,000 - $595,000
        July 2014$575,000 - $595,000
        June 2014$575,000 - $595,000
        March 2014$625,000
        January 2014$639,000
        December 2013$650,000
        January 2012$625,000
        December 2011$625,000
        November 2011$625,000
        January 2011$635,000 Reduction
        November 2010$650,000
        August 2010$735,000
        June 2010$740,000 - $780,000
        January 2009$699,000
        November 2008$699,000


    25 acre

    Last Advertised Price : July 2014
    Historical Prices:

        July 2014$350,000
        April 2014$350,000


    Last Advertised Price : June 2014
    $399,000 From
    Historical Prices:

        June 2014$399,000 From
        May 2014$399,000 From


    10.0044 Ha

    Last Advertised Price : May 2014
    Historical Price:

        May 2014$399,000


    Residential Land
    Last Advertised Price : April 2014
    Historical Price:

        April 2014$249,000

    20234 sqm

    Residential Land
    Last Advertised Price : April 2014
    Historical Prices:

        April 2014$250,000
        February 2014$299,000
        November 2013$340,000
        September 2013$340,000
        July 2013$340,000
        June 2013$340,000
        April 2013$340,000
        March 2013$340,000
        February 2013Contact


    101172 sqm

    Last Advertised Price : April 2014
    Historical Prices:

        April 2014$259,000
        March 2014$259,000


    10.65 acres (approx)

    Last Advertised Price : March 2014
    Historical Prices:

        March 2014$299,000
        July 2013$299,000 From


    2.1 Ha

    Last Advertised Price : March 2014
    $269,000 - $289,000
    Historical Prices:

        March 2014$269,000 - $289,000
        September 2013$269,000 - $289,000


    Last Advertised Price : March 2014
    $450,000 SOLD
    Historical Price:

        March 2014$450,000 SOLD

    101172 sqm

    Last Advertised Price : March 2014
    Historical Prices:

        March 2014$459,000
        May 2013$459,000
        March 2013$459,000



    Last Advertised Price : March 2014
    Historical Price:

        March 2014$429,000


    100200 sqm

    Last Advertised Price : February 2014
    Historical Price:

        February 2014$595,000


    43990 sqm

    Last Advertised Price : February 2014
    Historical Prices:

        February 2014$599,000
        April 2010$579,000 SOLD
        February 2010$579,000

    Last Advertised Price : February 2014
    Historical Prices:

        February 2014$599,000
        September 2012$649,900 SOLD
        August 2012$649,900
        June 2012$649,900
        January 2011$799,000
        December 2010$799,000
        June 2010$799,000
        July 2008$528,000 New

    Last Advertised Price : January 2014
    Historical Prices:

        January 2014$399,000
        January 2013$499,000 SOLD
        January 2013$499,000
        December 2009$535,000 New
        April 2008$825,000 New

    Last Advertised : January 2014
    Historical Price:

        January 2014Under Offer


    20100 sqm

    Last Advertised Price : January 2014
    Historical Price:

        January 2014$249,000


    20000 sqm

    Last Advertised Price : January 2014
    Historical Prices:

        January 2014$499,000
        April 2013$260,000
        March 2013$260,000
        March 2013$499,000
        February 2013Contact
        January 2011$575,000
        December 2010$575,000
        September 2010$558,000
        June 2010$300,000

    Last Advertised Price : December 2013
    Historical Price:

        December 2013$485,000

    Last Advertised Price : December 2013
    Historical Price:

        December 2013$399,000


    10.08 ha (approx)

    Last Advertised : November 2013
    Historical Prices:

        November 2013Under Offer
        April 2013$320,000
        October 2012$350,000
        December 2011$370,000
        November 2011$390,000


    2.00ha (4.95 acres) (approx)

    Residential Land
    Last Advertised Price : November 2013
    Historical Price:

        November 2013$340,000

    Last Advertised Price : November 2013
    Historical Prices:

        November 2013$990,000
        June 2012$1,390,000
        May 2012$1,390,000
        October 2011$1,390,000


    2 ha

    Last Advertised Price : October 2013
    Historical Price:

        October 2013$499,000


    15 ha

    Last Advertised Price : October 2013
    Historical Price:

        October 2013$749,000


    12 acres

    Last Advertised Price : October 2013
    Historical Price:

        October 2013$439,000


    5 ha

    Last Advertised Price : October 2013
    Historical Price:

        October 2013$485,000


    11 acres

    Last Advertised Price : October 2013
    Historical Price:

        October 2013$399,000


    25 acres (approx)

    Last Advertised Price : October 2013
    Historical Prices:

        October 2013$519,000
        July 2013$519,000

    Last Advertised Price : September 2013
    Historical Price:

        September 2013$749,000

    Last Advertised Price : September 2013
    Historical Price:

        September 2013$845,000


    10 ha (approx)

    Last Advertised Price : September 2013
    $599,000 From
    Historical Prices:

        September 2013$599,000 From
        September 2013Under Offer
        May 2013$599,000 From


    2 ha (approx)

    Last Advertised Price : August 2013
    $479,000 - $499,000
    Historical Prices:

        August 2013$479,000 - $499,000
        August 2013Under Offer
        July 2013SOLD
        July 2013Under Offer
        June 2013$479,000 - $499,000
        May 2013$499,000
        March 2013$499,000
        February 2013$499,000 - $529,000


    Last Advertised Price : July 2013
    Historical Prices:

        July 2013$575,000
        December 2012$575,000
        August 2012$575,000
        July 2012$575,000


    Last Advertised Price : June 2013
    Historical Prices:

        July 2013$545,000
        March 2013$545,000 SOLD
        March 2013$545,000
        February 2013Contact
        February 2013$545,000
        October 2010$699,000


    634 acres (approx)

    Last Advertised Price : May 2013
    Historical Prices:

        May 2013$1,050,000
        May 2013Under Offer


    2565710 sqm
    Last Advertised Price : May 2013
    Historical Prices:

        May 2013$1,050,000
        March 2013$1,250,000
        February 2013Contact


    Last Advertised Price : April 2013
    Historical Prices:

        April 2013$320,000
        March 2013$320,000
        February 2013Contact


    Last Advertised Price : March 2013
    Historical Prices:

        March 2013$599,000
        February 2013$599,000
        January 2013$599,000
        February 2012$675,000
        January 2012$675,000


    Last Advertised Price : February 2013
    Historical Prices:

        February 2013$849,000
        January 2013$849,000 Under Offer
        December 2012$849,000


    Last Advertised Price : November 2012
    Historical Prices:

        November 2012 $799,000
        October 2012 $799,000
        July 2012 $830,000
        March 2012 $830,000
        October 2011 $830,000


    Last Advertised Price : September 2012
    Historical Prices:

        September 2012 $569,000
        August 2012 $599,000
        July 2012 $599,000
        June 2012 $600,000 From


    Last Advertised Price : September 2012
    Historical Prices:

        September 2012$550,000
        August 2012Under Offer
        July 2012$550,000


    Last Advertised Price : August 2012
    $569,000 Offers
    Historical Prices:

        August 2012 $569,000 Offers
        June 2012 $595,000
        April 2012 $595,000
        March 2012 $595,000


    Last Advertised Price : August 2012
    $895,000 +
    Historical Prices:

        August 2012$895,000 +
        November 2011$940,000
        October 2011$940,000
        November 2010$985,000
        October 2010$985,000
        August 2010$985,000
        July 2010$985,000
        December 2009$1,150,000 New
        June 2009$1,185,000 New


    Last Advertised Price : August 2012
    $549,000 Fr
    Historical Prices:

        August 2012$549,000 Fr
        January 2012$549,000 Under Offer

    Last Advertised Price : August 2012
    Historical Prices:

        August 2012$649,000
        June 2012$649,000
        February 2012$725,000 - $750,000
        January 2011$750,000


    Last Advertised Price : July 2012
    Historical Price:

        July 2012$550,000


    Last Advertised Price : May 2012
    Historical Prices:

        May 2012$639,000
        May 2012Under Offer
        December 2011$679,000
        September 2011$695,000
        August 2011$695,000
        June 2011$730,000
        April 2011$730,000

    Last Advertised Price : May 2012
    Historical Prices:

        May 2012$360,000
        April 2012$360,000 SOLD
        April 2012$360,000
        October 2011$440,000


    Last Advertised Price : April 2012
    $395,000 - $405,000
    Historical Prices:

        April 2012$395,000 - $405,000
        December 2011$395,000 - $405,000


    Last Advertised Price : April 2012
    Historical Prices:

        April 2012$449,000
        December 2011$449,000

    Cattle Shelter Guidelines

    The provision of shelter allows cattle to better cope with the varying climatic extremes that can occur throughout the year and can increase their productivity.

    Prevention of Cruelty to Animals Act

    Cattle are kept in a variety of situations, ranging from extensive grazing to close confinement and housing. Whatever the form of husbandry, owners and managers have a moral and legal responsibility to care for the welfare of animals under their control. The basic needs of cattle - adequate food, water, air, shelter, treatment, comfort and the freedom to move and express normal behaviour patterns - must be met.

    Section 9 of the Prevention of Cruelty to Animals Act 1986 defines cruelty offences and requires that proper and sufficient shelter is provided for animals.

    Provision of shelter for cattle

    Cattle sheltering in shade provided by tree belt

    Healthy cattle can tolerate a wide range of temperatures if they are acclimatised and have adequate feed and water. However, shelter can improve the welfare of the animal and reduce production losses. Animals without shelter need to put more energy into normal functioning and less into production.

    Animals must be provided with shelter in times of above or below average temperatures. This can minimise the impact of climatic extremes and prevent suffering or possibly death.

    Adverse weather

    Adverse weather includes climatic extremes such as low temperatures with wind and rain combining to impose a severe chill factor, the sudden onset of prolonged wet and windy conditions, or heatwave conditions with sudden or prolonged severe heat. Cattle need access to shelter from these conditions. Whether natural or manmade, animals will seek out appropriate shelter for the prevailing conditions.

    The amount of shelter provided should be sufficient for all animals to access it at the same time, and stocking rates may need to be adjusted to allow this. This will prevent overcrowding around areas of shade or water.

    Hot weather

    Dairy cows resting in shade where available during heat of day

    Cattle lose heat primarily by respiration (from moist tissues in the respiratory system) as well as through transference of heat into the air and by evaporation of water from sweat.

    Providing shelter enables cattle to shade from direct sun, reducing the extra heat load they take on (by up to 50 per cent). Heat stress and exhaustion should not occur if cattle are able to find shade and rest during the hottest part of the day.

    Calves and pregnant cattle are more at risk of heat stress due to their lower heat threshold, as are animals with a history of respiratory disease due to a decreased ability to dissipate heat through panting.

    In hot conditions where shade is available, cattle prefer to rest during the day and will spend the cooler parts of the day grazing.

    If no trees are available, cattle will camp next to water such as dams or creeks during the day and feed at night. It has been demonstrated that cattle prefer shade over water in hot conditions and will spend more time resting and less time chewing their cud as ambient temperature increases.

    Animals at highest risk of heat stress include:

    • over fat stock
    • young animals
    • dark coloured animals
    • high producing dairy cows
    • sick animals or animals that have previous history of respiratory disease.

    Appetite is reduced during extreme heat and can result in decreased daily weight gains and feed efficiency. Provision of good quality, highly palatable feed and plenty of shelter during periods of hot weather will reduce the heat load of the animals and assist in maintaining normal feed intakes. Any new feed should be gradually introduced to reduce the risk of acidosis or metabolic disease.

    Dairy farms

    Research into dairy cattle production under heat stress demonstrates the welfare benefit and improved production where shade and shelter are provided. A study on the economic effects of heat loads on dairy cattle production in Australia has shown that extreme heat has the following effects on dairy production:

    • reduced milk yield
    • reduced milk fat and protein percentages
    • lower first service conception rates
    • lower calf birth weights
    • larger number of services per pregnancy.

    The effect of extreme heat was more pronounced for high producing cows, and resulted in reductions of up to 461 litres of milk per cow per year on farms that did not provide shade for their herds. A further study found that milk production was three per cent greater for shaded cows than for unshaded cows. Heat stress in dairy cows standing in the holding yard can be reduced with the use of sprinklers and the provision of shade during hot and humid weather.

    Research also shows a higher mortality rate in calves subjected to heat stress in their first week of life. Cows may be observed trying to shade their calves and it has been shown that cows will actively seek sheltered areas in which to calve. Artificially reared calves must have access to shelter in hot weather with natural air flow important for cooling of the environment.

    Shelter suitable during hot weather

    The best type of shelter during extreme heat protects animals from the sun and allows for the cooling effect of the wind. Some options for shelter in hot weather are:

    • constructed shelters using materials such as shade cloth, corrugated iron or timber
    • shadebelts – these are usually a single line of deciduous trees, planted in an east-west direction to give shade on the south side The trees can be pruned to improve air movement
    • trees with large canopies - planted individually in fields. Trees have a cooling effect due to absorption of heat by the leaves naturally undulating paddocks and gullies
    • shelterbelts – thick hedges of trees usually fenced off from stock. Shelterbelts can provide good protection from the sun but should be thinned evenly to allow wind flow. Planting them in an east-west direction provides shade during the hottest part of the day.

    The importance of clean fresh water during periods of extreme heat should not be underestimated. As a general rule dairy cattle drink somewhere in the range of 120-150 litres of water per day when producing about 20 litres of milk but. This requirement can increase by as much as 80 per cent on days over 35ºC.

    Water sources should be familiar to animals before an extreme weather event, be close to shelter and be of sufficient volume to cope during periods of peak demand. The number of watering points and/or water flow should be increased if a large number of animals are kept together.

    Cold weather

    Wind chill and rain may reduce the animal's effective temperature to below its critical level, resulting in a decrease in weight gain and milk yield and increases in milk fat. For high risk animals the outcome may even be death.

    Cattle at highest risk of cold stress include:

    • newly born calves and calving cows
    • animals in low body condition
    • sick animals.

    Appetite is stimulated by cold temperatures, and cold stress increases an animal's requirement for energy to maintain body temperature and functions. Studies suggest that a yearling's energy requirement may increase 2.5 fold during an extreme winter event. Where cold stress is likely, providing shelter (e.g. windbreaks) and increasing the availability of highly digestible and palatable feed will assist cattle to maintain normal body temperature and production - thus minimising the effects of cold stress.

    Calving cows

    Special shelter management may be necessary for calving cows and their calves. If required, small paddocks within a sheltered area along the edge of shelterbelts are useful.

    Close regular observation should be carried out and any cow found down and unable to stand should receive appropriate treatment and be provided with shelter or be moved carefully to a sheltered area. Extra feed may be required to help the cow meet her own metabolic needs as well as the nutritional needs of the calf.


    Calves are most at risk during cold weather due to their small size. They need to have good shelter provided, as even strong and healthy calves can die if exposed to adverse weather.

    Decreasing temperature and increasing precipitation on the day of calving increases mortality, and calves born to heifers are particularly susceptible to adverse weather conditions.

    Additionally, cold stress has been shown to decrease the rate of absorption of colostrum in newborn calves; thus compromising their immune system and contributing potentially to morbidity and mortality.

    Pens used for rearing calves should have a draught-free covered area to protect calves from the elements, and paddocks should have shelter accessible to all calves.

    Shelter suitable for extreme cold
    • constructed wind breaks (cattle may also use wind breaks to rub up against and consequently the wind breaks will need to be structurally sound and safe)
    • natural undulating paddocks and gullies
    • shelterbelts are the best form of shelter against wind, with the 'shelter zone' spanning a distance about 14 times the height of the trees. If wind speed is reduced, cold stress is markedly reduced
    • trees for protection from wind should be planted in a north-south direction to protect from north and south westerly winds.

    The trees forming the shelterbelt should be spaced evenly and be semi-permeable in order to slow the wind without creating turbulence. Under-planting should be incorporated to prevent the wind being funneled through gaps at livestock level.

    Pregnant cattle should not be grazed in paddocks where there are fallen branches of Macrocarpa, Western Yellow Pine or Monterey Pine (Pinus radiata) as these species are known to induce abortion if ingested.

    Sheds (open on one side) erected in paddocks can afford protection from wind.

    Temporary shelter can be provided in the form of shade cloths or plastic tarpaulins if other shelter is not available.

    Other considerationsShelter and water

    Care should be taken when placing shelter near water so it does not result in animals camping around the water source, causing overcrowding and preventing animals from accessing water.

    The number of watering points and /or water flow as well as the amount of available shade should be sufficient for the number of animals, and be increased if a large number of animals are kept together.

    Sick animals

    Animals in poor conditions (including cattle coming out of a drought), sick animals or those with a history of respiratory disease are especially vulnerable to the extremes of weather, and should be housed separately from the main mob to ensure preferential access to shelter and feed and expedited treatment. Without appropriate shelter these animals may die from the impact of adverse weather conditions.

    Moving animals already under stress requires care and planning so it needs to be done well before an extreme weather event, to prevent further aggravation of the animal's condition.

    Animals that have been injured in a natural disaster such as fire or flood need protection from the elements as they will be especially sensitive to the extremes of heat, sun or cold.

    Stock showing signs of photosensitivity (sunburn) must have access to shade. Preventative measures are available for some types of photosensitivity, including facial eczema. Sunburnt stock will also benefit from veterinary treatment.


    Feedlot cattle should be protected from extreme adverse weather conditions causing cold stress, heat stress or excessive heat load. Feedlot staff and management must be aware of the climatic conditions and the clinical signs in cattle that are associated with heat stress.

    Feedlots must have in place plans for minimising the impact of hot and cold weather and dealing with heat and cold stress.

    In relation to heat stress, the provision of shade or alternative means of cooling such as sprinklers and fans may be required.

    In these conditions, cattle should be constantly monitored for signs of restlessness, decreased food intake, congregating/huddling around water troughs and, cessation of rumination, which would indicate thermal load stress requiring immediate preventative action.

    Where cold stress predominates, shelter (e.g. windbreaks, mounding) and allowance for additional nutrient requirements should be provided.

    Holding yards

    When cattle are in holding yards, use should be made of artificial and natural shade to protect them from extremes of wind, heat and cold. Shelter is important for young animals (especially calves under two weeks of age) if they are left in yards for longer than two hours before transport and loading.


    Transport of cattle should be planned so that climatic extremes likely to compromise their welfare are avoided.

    In hot weather

    If transport on days of extreme heat is absolutely necessary, the journey plan should minimise the effects of heat stress on animals with rest stops planned to be in areas of shade and perhaps a water source.

    Animals should only be transported during the cooler hours of the day. If it is necessary to stop, park the vehicle in the shade and at a right angle to the wind direction to improve wind flow between animals during hot weather. Duration of stops should be kept to a minimum to avoid the buildup of heat while the vehicle is stationary.

    Stocking densities should be reduced to 85 per cent of capacity to ensure good air flow between animals, and drivers should have contingency plans in place for adverse weather events.

    In cold weather

    If stock are being transported in very cold weather, vehicles may need to be halted and parked in a protected area to prevent wind chill and hypothermia in the animals. A trailer with a solid front must be used for young stock to reduce the wind chill factor.


    The provision of shelter for cattle is an important management practice that has shown benefits such as improved growth rates and milk production and reduced mortality. Farmers, managers and those in charge of livestock have a responsibility to provide shelter so that the health and welfare of livestock is not compromised.

    Remember: Provide shelter for all stock, identify areas of shelter on farm suitable for use during adverse weather events, and give special consideration to shelter for young, sick or pregnant stock

    Dangerous Plants

    • Anemone or windflower (A. coronaria)
    • Bulbs (onions, plus all the spring-flowering favourites, such as daffodils, tulips, jonquils, and snowdrops)
    • Caladium bicolor (indoor foliage plant)
    • Castor oil plant (Ricinus communis)
    • Chalice vine (Solandra maxima)
    • Cherry tree (Prunus serrulata)
    • Clematis (the large-flowered hybrids)
    • Cotoneaster (Cotoneaster glaucophylla)
    • Cycads (seeds on female plants)
    • Daffodils (Narcissus varieties)
    • Daphne (various)
    • Delphiniums
    • Devil’s ivy (Epipremnum aureum)
    • Dicentra (Dicentra spectabilis)
    • Dieffenbachia
    • Euphorbias (poinsettias, Euphorbia characias ssp. wulfenii, etc)
    • Foxglove (Digitalis purpurea)
    • Golden Robinia (R. pseudoacacia ‘Frisia’)
    • Hellebore (Helleborus orientalis)
    • Hemlock (Conium maculatum)
    • Holly (Ilex varieties)
    • Hydrangeas
    • Indoor Plants: many are poisonous to pets, so it’s wise to keep all indoor plants out of the reach of puppies and kittens especially, but also adult dogs and cats.
    • Iris
    • Jerusalem cherry (Solanum pseudocapsicum)
    • Jasmine (not clear which ones)
    • Lantana (L. camara, the common one)
    • Lilac (Syringa varieties)
    • Liliums: All parts of the plant are particularly toxic to kittens and cats, causing kidney failure and death; reactions are not quite so severe in dogs.
    • Mountain laurel (Kalmia varieties)
    • Mushrooms (not clear which ones)
    • Nightshade (Solanum nigrum)
    • Oaks (Quercus varieties – the acorns are toxic to pets)
    • Oleanders (Nerium oleander, Thevetia peruviana)
    • Philodendron (many, it appears)
    • Pine (e.g., savin, Juniperus sabina, also several others)
    • Poinciana (not the tropical tree, but the shrub Caesalpinia pulcherrima)
    • Potato plants and green potatoes. Deep-fried potato chips will upset most dogs stomachs
    • Privet (Ligustrum varieties)
    • Pyracantha (unclear which one)
    • Rhododendron (including azaleas)
    • Rhubarb (presumably the leaves)
    • Snowdrops (Leucojum)
    • Snowflakes (Leucojum)
    • Solandra maxima (chalice vine)
    • Stephanotis (Madagascar jasmine) (consumption of the seed pods is especially deadly to dogs)
    • Strelitzias (Strelitzia reginae, S. nicolai)
    • Sweet peas
    • Toadstools
    • Tomato Plants
    • Tulips
    • Walnuts (mouldy nuts near the ground)
    • Wandering Jew (Tradescantia albiflora) is very common in gardens especially in moist, shady areas. It is a horrible weed that will grow in near total shade and almost can’t be killed.
    • Wisteria
    • Yellow oleander (Thevetia peruviana)
    • Yew (Taxus varieties)

    By being aware of the danger and taking proper precautions, you can keep your favourite plants and pets safe. Most pesticides, insecticides and lawn fertilisers are also toxic to your pets.

    10 Foods NOT to Eat or drink if You Suffer from Depression or Anxiety

    10. Sugar Did you know that eating sugar causes your brain to function at a sub-optimal level? Think of that the next time you eat a doughnut. A recent study discovered that high instances of glucose decrease the levels of an essential protein that triggers neuron and synapses function. This can result in a greater risk for depression, so it’s best to limit your sugar intake when possible

    09. Alcohol Drinking alcohol as a solution to depression is not going to make you feel better. In fact, it’s most likely going to make things worse because alcohol is known as a “depressant” that affects your central nervous system. The central nervous system is responsible for your five senses and the more you drink, the more inhibited your senses become, including your emotions. To put it simply, don’t drink if you want to feel better.

    08. Hydrogenated Oil Sometimes you just want to eat something fried, whether it be fried pickles or some delicious fried cheese. Most people consider fried foods as the ultimate “comfort food” but the big problem lies in the hydrogenated oil that goes along with eating these foods. Beyond causing weight gain, studies have shown hydrogenated oil consumption is definitely linked to depression because fatty foods can cause artery restriction and decrease blood flow to the brain. So, if you’re feeling down and out, lay off the KFC.

    07. Fast Food According to a 2012 study in the journal of Public Health Nutrition, people who consume fast food on a regular basis are 51% more likely to be depressed than those who don’t. These results go hand in hand with studies that have confirmed a healthy diet consisting of fruits and vegetables can improve mood and sense of well-being. Therefore, if you’re feeling depressed or anxious, you should stick to a salad rather than Maccas or HJ's.

    06. Trans Fats Products didn’t begin to utilize trans fats until the late 1950’s when snacks and margarine hit the market. Studies have revealed that trans fats, which are known for clogging arteries and enhancing the potential for heart disease, can increase the possibility for depression by up to 48%. Many have found that switching to a Mediterranean diet that utilizes olive oil can negate the effects of trans fat as well as improve your mood.

    05. Prepackaged Foods with High Sodium While the weight loss industry may tout their prepackaged foods as the miracle for obesity, the problem with these meals is they usually contain ridiculous amounts of sodium. Research has found that high amounts of sodium can disrupt your nervous system and directly contribute to depression and fatigue. Think about that next time you reach for a Lean Cuisine.

    04. Caffeine We all need a jolt every so often and for some that’s hitting up Dome on a daily basis. However, we must issue a word of caution: caffeine is known to have a direct impact on your mood. Not only can it make you more anxious, but it can disrupt your sleeping patterns, and a lack of sleep is known to contribute to depression.

    03. Wheat Bran Studies have shown that wheat bran is one of the worst foods you can eat if you struggle with anxiety because it limits zinc absorption which is essential for high anxiety people. It’s also extremely high in phytic acid, an anti-nutrient that binds to zinc and other mood-impacting minerals. So if you’re an anxious person, lay off the bran!

    02. Tofu Bad news for vegetarians and vegans, but tofu is known to increase anxiety as well as emotional stress. Even though tofu is considered an excellent source of lean protein, it also contains high levels of copper which research has linked to highly anxious behavior. Tofu is also known to cause excess gas which we’re sure is great for people who suffer from social-anxiety.

    01. ALL Processed Foods The best nutritional advice for someone who suffers from anxiety is to stay away from processed foods altogether. The combination of sodium, nitrates and other chemicals is an anxiety sufferer’s worst nightmare. Sticking to a diet that’s full of whole grains and fresh produce is the perfect way to combat anxiety and live a healthier and happier life.

    Morangup this weed is fast becoming OUT OF CONTROL

    In Morangup the 1st of JUNE to the 1st of JULY is the optimal time to combat this weed.

    If you see this weed anywhere on your property, please remove it ASAP

    DO NOT MOW OR SLASH this plant, it will only help spread it!

    Typically controlled using 2 methods in rotation.

    Nugrex ® Selective Herbicide @ 1L per Ha (up to 4 leaf stage)

    For NON-SELECTIVE treatment, follow up with Glyphosate 450  1.5L per Ha and/or Spray.Seed® at 2 L/ha  100L-Ha, with an added 500ml of Dicamba.

    The Addition of Liase (ammonium sulfate) at 2L/100L, may improve control.

    Lontrel® at 6 ml/10 L + wetting agent can be applied before flowering or Verdict 520® at 1.5 ml/ 10 L + wetting agent (up to 6 leaf stage)



    For further information consult the APVMA Database to determine the status of permits for your situation or location.See also Florabase Swan Weeds

    Perth Weed list click here
    Identification of weeds

    MyWeedWatcher mobile thumbnail


    Use smartphone and tablet devices to identify, survey and report weeds and view results online.

    Scientific Name

    Erodium botrys (Cav.) Bertol. (commonly found in Morangup 6083)


    Geranium botrys Cav.



    Common Names

    big heron's bill, big heron's-bill, broadleaf filaree, corkscrews, crane's bill, filaree, long beaked filaree, long heron's-bill, long storksbill, longbeak stork's bill, shiny leaf storksbill, stork's bill, storksbill, wild geranium, tic-toc

    Origin: Native to southern Europe (i.e. Greece, Italy, Yugoslavia, France, Portugal and Spain), the Madeira Islands, the Canary Islands, northern Africa (i.e. northern Algeria, Morocco and Tunisia), and western Asia.Naturalised Distribution

    Widely naturalised in southern Australia (i.e. in New South Wales, the ACT, Victoria, Tasmania, many parts of South Australia, the southern parts of Western Australia and the southern parts of the Northern Territory.

    Also naturalised in temperate Asia, New Zealand, the USA and the southern parts of South America.


    Long storksbill (Erodium botrys ) is only widely regarded as an environmental weed in Victoria, thought it is widespread as a weed of native pastures, open woodlands and grasslands in the southern parts of Australia. This species is thought to pose a serious threat to one or more native plant communities in Victoria and has been recorded in numerous conservation areas in this state (e.g. Boonderoo Nature Conservation Reserve, Kotta Nature Conservation Reserve, Moodemere Nature Conservation Reserve, Roslynmead Nature Conservation Reserve and Organ Pipes National Park).

    However, it is also present in conservation areas in South Australia (e.g. Angove Conservation Park, Aldinga Scrub Conservation Park, Sandy Creek Conservation Park, Cleland Conservation Park and Para Wirra Recreation Park) and is a common weed of native woodlands in the wheatbelt region of south-western Western Australia and right here in Morangup!  i.e. between Geraldton and Albany).


    Common Storksbill

    Erodium cicutarium(L.) L'Her. ex Aiton
    Family: Geraniaceae.
    Common Storksbill

    Other names:

    Common Crowfoot
    Common Heron's Bill

    Common Storksbill

    Corkscrew weed

    Redstem Filaree
    Small Crowfoot


    A light green, finely lobed leafed, rosette forming annual to biennial herb to 40 cm tall with pink to white flowers from July to October and sharp, corkscrew seeds and weak stems. The leaves have leaflets and the lobes of the leaflets are cut almost to the mid vein. The flowers are in stalked clusters, each flower with 5 free petals. There are 5 fertile stamens and 5 small antherless filaments. The style has 5 short lobes. The distinctive fruit is long, beak-like and splits into 5 fruitlets which, when mature, separate and twist so that each seed is attached to a spirally-twisted corkscrew-like awn. The fruits 3.5-5 cm long including the awn. It forms a ground hugging rosettes of leaves initially then produces sprawling stems the curve upwards near their ends.
    Native to Europe or the Mediterranean region, they are now weeds of pasture, crops, wasteland and roadsides.

    NOTE: Don't let this get into your animals coat as it has been known to burrow its way into their bodies and has caused death through infection on many occasions. This is particularly problematic in Canine ears.  If you have this on your property, please help and eradicate this weed from Morangup.

    Two. The cotyledon has a deeply lobed blade 5 to 8 mm with a petiole 10 to 15 mm long. Round tip. Base indented. A few glandular and fine hairs are present. The seedling has a hypocotyl but no epicotyl.

    First leaves:

    The leaves arise singly, the first leaf having a blade 5 to 10 mm long with a petiole 10 to 15 mm long. Both simple and glandular hairs are present on the blade and petiole. The first leaf is usually lobed to the midrib.


    Forms a rosette with a diameter up to 400 mm.
    Stipules - Narrowly egg shaped to triangular, 3-12 mm long. Acute or tapering tip.
    Petiole - Up to 40 mm long
    Blade - Dull Light green, egg shaped to oblong in outline, 30-80 mm long. Separate, lateral, distinct, stalkless leaflets that are egg shaped to oblong, 8-10 mm long x 5-6 mm wide, lobed to the mid vein and the lobes are toothed.
    Stem leaves - Dull light green. Have a blade 40 mm or more long with a petiole approximately as long again. Short, glandular and simple hairs.


    The stems are solid with a pithy core, erect, semi erect or curved upwards at the ends, circular in cross section, up to 900 mm long, branching from the base and along their length. Long, glandular and simple hairs. Ring of membranous scales at the base of the stem in the rosette.

    Flower head:

    The inflorescence is terminal or in leaf axils with 1-8 flowers on a long, 40-80 mm, hairy or glandular hairy, slender stalk (peduncle) with bracts fused into a funnel shaped toothed tube. The individual flowers are on 9-22 mm long, hairy or glandular hairy stalks (pedicels). Stalks vary from hairy to almost hairless. Bracts similar to stipules.


    8 to 12 mm in diameter. Sepals - Oblong to elliptic, membranous, 3-6 mm long, with a mucro tip with 1-2 long hairs. Hairy to almost hairless with tiny hairs on the edges. Petals - 5, pinkish/purple to white often with dark markings, spreading, oblong to elliptic, 4-8 mm long, The two upper ones are slightly longer than the 3 lower ones. Stamens - 5 outer staminodes scale like, awl shaped and without anthers. 5 inner fertile stamens. Filaments are oblong, broadened at the base, free or joined at the base, not toothed and the top is thread like. Anthers – 5.

    Fruit: 5 pointed fruitlets, each with a corkscrew (20-50 mm) awn that is hairy on the inner side.

    Seeds: Brown, hairy, 3-8 mm long x 1.5 mm wide with a shallow pit and pointed. One concentric, hairless fold below the pit.


    Key Characters: Dull light green leaves with separate leaflets that are cut to the mid vein. Flowers pink. Bracts joined into a toothed tube. 5 stamens and 5 staminodes.

    Biology:Life cycle: Annual or biennial. Autumn is the main germination time in disturbed areas and established pasture. In crops germination commonly occurs in spring and through summer where moisture is available. It grows mainly through the winter spring period and flowers in spring to summer. Late germinating individuals can flower when they are quite small.

    Reproduction: By seed.

    Flowering times: July to October in SA.

    Mid June to September in Morangup WA.

    Seed Biology and Germination:

    Vegetative Propagules: None.

    Hybrids: Variety stellatumis a small almost stemless plant with two, white, upper petals with a dark red spot.


    Population Dynamics and Dispersal:  It appears to be somewhat less aggressive in pastures than Musky Storksbill in Tasmania.
    Corkscrew awn propels the seed about 540 mm from parent in a sling shot action (Stamp, 1989) then assists with burying the seed by straightening when damp and coiling as it dries.

    Origin and History: Europe. Southern Asia, Northern Africa.

    Distribution: ACT, NSW, NT, QLD, SA, TAS, VIC, WA.

    Found in all parts of Tasmania.
    Widespread throughout Western NSW.

    Courtesy Australia’s Virtual Herbarium.


    Climate:  Temperate. Mediterranean.

    Soil:Most abundant on sandy soils, but occurs on a wide range of soils.

    Plant Associations:In many communities.


    Beneficial: Fodder that is palatable and productive in winter and spring.

    Detrimental:Weed of waste areas, arable crops, and pasture.

    Seeds injure stock, shearers and handlers.

    Toxicity: May be toxic.

    May cause photo-sensitisation in sheep.


    Management and Control: Spray grazing, pasture manipulation and spray topping can reduce infestation levels in pastures. However this may lead to invasion by even less desirable species.


    Eradication strategies:  Preventing seed set for 2-3 years will result in very low populations.
    Manual removal and cultivation are effective but time consuming.
    Hormone herbicides provide good control of young plants. It is relatively tolerant to glyphosateSpray.Seed® at 2 L/ha provides good non selective control. Lower rates of 1 L/ha Spray.Seed applied at flowering reduces seed set.  (Spray Seed and 2,4 DB are extremely toxic to all living organisms, read and follow their product lables and MSDS Labelling ((examples shown)) carefully)
    In bushland situations, Buttress or Machete (400g/L) at 4 L/ha (80 mL in 10 L water) or Lontrel® 750 at 120g/ha (2 g in 10 L water for spot sprays) applied before flowering provides reasonably selective control. For highly selective control, use Verdict®520 at 100 mL/ha plus oil (2 mL plus 100 mL oil in 10 L water for hand sprays) on actively growing seedlings before flowering.
    Replanting tall growing and scrub species, to increase levels of shade, and reducing grazing will help prevent re-infestation.

    Herbicide resistance:

    Biological Control:
    Rabbits eat immature fruit and tend to ignore the leaves.

    Related plants: Blue Storksbill (E. cygnorum) (a native weed of horticulture in Manjimup) is similar but has sky blue flowers and palmately lobed leaves.

    Heronsbill (E. brachycarpum)
    Long Storksbill (E. botrys) has shiny, dark green leaves and rarely has true leaflets.
    Musky Storksbill (E. moschatum) is similar but usually larger, has more lobed cotyledons, and the first leaf has distinct leaflets rather than very deep lobes, the later leaves have leaflets that are not as deeply dissected, so the plant looks less ferny.
    Oval Heronsbill (E. malacoides)

    Plants of similar appearance: Common Storksbill is distinguished from Musky Storksbill as a seedling by the shape of the cotyledon and the first leaf that is lobed but not completely pinnate. In the rosette and mature stages the leaflets are far more deeply divided, frequently more than half way to the mid-rib. This is particularly noticeable in the upper stem leaves.

    Native species of Geraniaceae have broader leaves which are palmately divided (like a hand).
    Capeweed, Turnips, Radish and Mustard.

    GERANIACEAE - Geranium Family

    A worldwide family of 600 species, mostly herbs and some shrubs. In Western Australia there are 10 native species and 10 naturalised ones. Erodium (storksbill, erodium, geranium) is a genus of about 60 species, of which seven occur in Western Australia. When green, the fruits form a long beak shape like the head of a stork or heron, that split when ripe so that each seed is attached to a long, spirally-twisted awn. As these 'corkscrews' twist and relax with changing humidity, they drive the seed into the ground. All are found on farmland, especially poorly-managed pastures, and also on wasteland and roadsides. E. aureumis a common weed on loamy soils in the arid zone. It has deeply lobed leaves (not cut to midrib), to 3.5cm long, pink flowers and a fruit beak 5-7cm long. Native to south-west Asia. E. botrys(corkscrews, long storksbill) has leaves without distinct leaflets, purplish petals and the ripe fruit has a beak 8-11cm long. It occurs in pastures and on disturbed ground between Geraldton and Albany. Native to the Mediterranean. (Note, the native E. cygnorum, that is very similar toE. botrysbut has palmately-lobed leaves and sky-blue petals, is considered a weed of horticulture at Manjimup.) The closely-related E. brachycarpum(heronsbill), which has a shorter beak, is probably throughout the south-west, but is seldom recorded due to confusion with E. botrys. Native to North Africa.

    E. cicutarium(common storksbill) has pinnately lobed leaves, cut to the midvein, pink flowers, and the ripe fruit has a beak of 3-4.5cm long. It is found on sandy soils from Dirk Hartog Island to the Nullarbor. Native to the northern temperate zone.

    E. moschatum(musky storksbill) has pinnately-lobed leaves, cut only half way to the midvein, pink petals and a beak 2.5 to 4cm long. It is found in similar situations to and often growing with E. botrys. Native to the Mediterranean.

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