Team's Article

There has recently been an alarming increase in gonorrhoea cases in Perth especially in the 20-39 year old age group. Cases in the Perth and Southwest areas have more than tripled in the last five years, and increased by 53% in the past 12 months. The biggest increases in cases have been in heterosexual women (74%) and men (53%) as well as men who have sex with men (23%).


If it ain't on ... it ain't on! ®




https://www.healthdirect.gov.au/sexually-transmitted-infections-sti


https://www.getthefacts.health.wa.gov.au/sexually-transmitted-infections


https://www.couldihaveit.com.au/STI-facts


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Below is a list of sexually transmitted infections (STIs) and other conditions associated with STIs. Some of these conditions are not sexually transmitted but may increase in frequency with sexual activity.  Some are conditions caused by STIs. Some increase the likely hood of future transmission.


Why "STI" (sexually transmitted infections) and not "STD" (sexually transmitted disease)?

The terms STI and STD are synonymous. "STI" is used more frequently now because of the negative association with the term "disease" and because some diseases are considered incurable. In contrast, there is usually less stigma attached to the term "infection" and many STIs are actually easily curable.

A deadly brain infection has gone viral in Bali.



Indonesia’s Ministry of Health has revealed that they are investigating the deadly Japanese Encephaltis disease after a spike of cases have occurred in Bali and Manado.

 

Warning To Australians Travelling To Bali Over Deadly Japanese Encephalitis Disease

 

The infection is most commonly transmitted to humans through mosquito bites. The disease can also be carried by birds, bats, cows and pigs.

 

Symptoms of the virus include flu-like signs such as headaches, fever and convulsions, however, they can take up to 15 days to become noticeable.

 

The virus can be deadly with one in four cases proving fatal, but can also cause blindness, weakness and movement disorders.

 

“So far, we in Indonesia, in this case, the Ministry of Health, has just recorded this disease in several sites, because we have found cases in Bali, and Manado, ranking second,” said Ministry of Health Director of Surveillance and Quarantine, Vensya Sitohang.

 

The ministry is now attempting to stop the infection from spreading to other regions in the country by introducing a vaccine.

 

The vaccinations are starting from those aged nine months to 15-years-old as children under the age of 15 are most susceptible to the deadly infection.

 

Aside from receiving a vaccination, tourists are being urged to use plenty of insect repellent, wear long sleeved shirts and long pants, keep windows closed and only stay in accommodation that can provide screens on windows and mosquito nets around beds.

 

How is it prevented?

A Japanese encephalitis vaccine is available for people aged 12 months and older and is recommended for travellers spending extended one month or more in rural areas of high-risk countries for JE. For more detailed JE vaccination advice see the Australian Immunisation Handbook and consult with your GP or travel medicine clinic. Even if you have been vaccinated it is still important to protect against mosquitoes and reduce the risk of diseases they transmit.

 

 

Prevention measures include:

  • covering-up with a loose-fitting long sleeved shirt and long pants when outside
  • applying mosquito repellent to exposed skin
  • taking special care during peak mosquito biting hours. The mosquitoes that transmit diseases such as JE, dengue, chikungunya and Zika will also bite through the day
  • removing potential mosquito breeding sites from around the home and screen windows and doors
  • taking extra precautions when travelling in areas with a higher risk of mosquito-borne diseases.

 

In addition to the general protection measures above, overseas travellers should also:

  • stay and sleep in rooms with fly-screens or air-conditioning
  • use a bed net if the area where you are sleeping is exposed to the outdoors.
  • Bed nets are most effective when they are treated with a pyrethroid insecticide, such as permethrin. Pre-treated bed nets can be purchased before travelling, or nets can be treated after purchase.
  • avoid known areas of high mosquito-borne disease transmission or outbreaks



MORANGUP... DEADLY SNAKES ARE HERE IN ABUNDANCE.

'Bitten by a snake? assume it will kill you if left untreated'


Snake warning: Warm days bring Western Australian reptiles out of hibernation.

There has been an increase in sightings of Deadly Western Brown Snakes AKA Gwardar throughout the Midwest and Morangup in the Shire of Toodyay.


Do you suspect someone's been bitten?

PHONE 000 immediately and keep them very still.

DO NOT WAIT... YOU MUST ASSUME THAT ALL SNAKE BITES IN MORANGUP ARE LETHAL IF UNTREATED.

LISTEN CAREFULLY TO THE  INSTRUCTIONS OF THE 000 OPERATOR. STAY CALM, DON'T PANIC!


KEEP THE PATIENT STILL AND CALM. MOVING THE BITTEN LIMB/S WILL SPREAD THE VENOM.

DO NOT TRY to CATCH, KILL or IDENTIFY the SNAKE. HOSPITALS NOW USE A SUBSTANCE CALLED  'POLYVALENT' SO THAT SNAKE IDENTIFICATION IS NO LONGER NECESSARY.



Do not cut, incise or attempt to suck the venom out.
Do not EVER use a tourniquet (
This is important).

Don’t remove the shirt or pants - just bandage over the top of clothing.
Remember movement (like wriggling out of a shirt or pants) causes venom movement.



Warm weather has experts warning us to be on alert for venomous snakes.

November is peak season as the weather warms up and the reptiles wake up - and begin searching for food, water and mates.


The name Gwardar is a word meaning "go the long way around" in Aboriginal language. This may be regarded as the best advice for people who come across the Snake - AVOID IT, note it's last location, call a snake handler who's trained in Western Brown Snakes, Keep cats and dogs from tormenting the snake.

Keep lawns and scrub around your home mowed and clear of any refuse or piles of leave and or sticks.
BUY SNAKE DETERRENTS AND PLACE THEM NEAR YOUR DOORWAYS AND ENTRANCES. KEEP DOORS CLOSED WHEN NOT IN USE.

In Morangup we have the western brown snake (Pseudonaja nuchalis) AKA 'GWARDAR' snake. This variant is a highly venomous species of brown snake, which common throughout Western Australia. Its venom contains powerful neurotoxins, nephrotoxins and a procoagulant,. The bite is usually painless and difficult to see due to their small fangs. Human symptoms of a Western Brown snake bite are headache, nausea/vomiting, abdominal pain, severe coagulopathy and sometimes, kidney damage.The LD50 in mice is 0.47 mg/kg and the average venom yield per bite is 18 mg (dry weight of milked venom) according to Meier and White (1995). The western brown snake can cause rapid death in humans by cardiac arrest, renal failure, or cerebral hemorrhage. The envenomation rate is 20-40% and the untreated mortality rate is 10-20%
Photo by Brian Gordon Bush


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